A rite of passage is a ceremony of the passage which occurs when an individual leaves one group to enter another. It involves a significant change of status in society. In cultural anthropology the term is the Anglicisation of rite de passage, a French term innovated by the ethnographer Arnold van The rest of Van Gennep’s book presents a description of rites of passage and. : The Rites of Passage (): Arnold van Gennep, Monika B. Vizedon, Gabrielle L. Caffee: Books. Turner, after fieldwork in Africa, read Arnold van Gennep’s Rites of. Passage (/) and realised that it made sense of his own findings. Van Gennep.

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Marriage ceremonies include fertility rites; [12] birth ceremonies include protection and divination rites; funerals, defensive rites; initiations, propitiatory rites; ordinations, rites of attachment to the deity. The nobility, the world of finance, the working classes, retain their identities without regard–in theory at least–for national boundaries.

Social groups in such societies likewise have magico-religious foundations, and a passage from group to group takes on that special quality found in our rites of baptism and ordination.

So great is the incompatibility between the profane and the sacred worlds that a man cannot pass from one to the other without going through an intermediate stage. In consequence, some peoples kill, strip, and mistreat a stranger without ceremony, while others fear him, take great care of him, treat him as a powerful being, or take magico-religious protective measures against him.

He mentions some others, such as the territorial passage, a crossing of borders into a culturally different region, such as one where a different religion prevails.

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The actual ceremonies may differ, but their meaning is universal—celebration of the transition from one phase of life to another:. Tylor father feast Frazer funeral rites Gennep gifts girl girl’s Golden Bough hair Hartland husband idea impure Indians individual instance interpretation London Madagascar magic magico-religious marriage ceremonies Moslem mother Mystic Rose novice novitiate Osiris Ostyak Ouargla Paris pattern of rites performed person pertaining physical puberty pregnancy priest profane puberty rebirth Reinach Religion religious Revue rites of incorporation rites of initiation rites of passage rites of separation ritual sacra sacred world sacrifice Schurtz secret societies semicivilized series of rites sex group sexual sometimes soul special rites stages stranger taboos theory Threshold Covenant tion totem transitional period tribe Trumbull village wife woman women young.


Rites of passage are diverse, and are found throughout many cultures around the world.

Arnold van Gennep

Ritee study of ritual has made great progress in recent years, but we are still far from knowing either the function or the manner of operation of every single rite, and we lack the knowledge necessary to construct a definitive classification of rites. He remains famous for his study of the rite of passage rituals marking significant transitions in human lives, such as birth, puberty, marriage pzssage, and death.

Ceremonies Rites of passage Anthropology of religion.

The Rites of Passage. Contents The Classification of Rites. In addition though there are exceptions of a political nature, for exampleforeigners cannot immediately enter the territory of the tribe or the village; they must prove their intentions from afar and undergo a stage best known in the form of the tedious African df.

Rite of passage

Like our boundary posts, they are set only at points of passage, on paths and at crossroads. Laboratory experiments have shown that severe initiations produce cognitive dissonance. In reality, the rite involves a mutual transference of personality, and its operation is as simple as the mechanics of being tied one to the other, being covered with the same coat or veil, and so forth.

These rites, they maintain, are intended to make him neutral or benevolent, to remove [27] the special qualities attributed to him. Adventure education programs, such as Outward Boundhave often been described as potential rites of passage.


Arnold van Gennep – New World Encyclopedia

For other uses, see Rite of passage disambiguation. Articles needing additional references from Aronld All articles needing additional references CS1 French-language sources fr. Performed by Arabs, Turkish, Malaysian and Others of this faith”.

The rest of Van Gennep’s book presents a description of rites of passage and an organization into types, although in the end he despairs of ever capturing them all: All these rites should, it seems to me, be grouped together, though all the details of the proposed scheme cannot be worked out as yet.

Fraternities and sororities, like other private societies, often have codified initiation ceremonies as ritual separating candidates from members. The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: The more the society resembles ours in its form of civilization, the thinner are its internal partitions and the wider and more open are its doors of communication.

In China, according to the most ancient documents, the deity was not the arnolx as such, but each plot of ground was sacred for its inhabitants and owners.

In contrast, the only clearly marked social division remaining in modern’ society is that which distinguishes between genne secular and the religious worlds-between the profane and the sacred. Augustin Calmet Akbar S. Some academic circles such as dorms, fraternities, teams and other clubs practice hazingragging and fagging.

In various tribal societiesentry into an age grade —generally gender-separated— unlike an age set is ritfs by an initiation ritewhich may be the crowning of a long and complex preparation, sometimes in retreat. In and he conducted fieldwork in Algeriawriting on the role of women in Islamic society.