Phone, Suggest a phone number Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail. Political Ideology. Unofficial Page. Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail. Posts about Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail. There are no. One source of continued instability in Romania was Corneliu Zelea Codreanu’s pro-Nazi Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihail and its paramilitary wing, the Garda de. Legiunea „Arhanghelului Mihail“ has 4 ratings and 0 reviews. Solid construita documentar, impecabila metodologic, lucrarea de fata este, probabil, cea ma.

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Iron Guard

University of Wisconsin Press pp. Refresh and try again. Mihaela Stroe rated it really liked it Sep 20, King Carol II was strongly opposed to the Legion’s political aims and successfully kept them out of government until he himself was forced to abdicate in The Iron Guard Romanian: Solid construita documentar, impecabila metodologic, lucrarea de fata este, probabil, cea mai verosimila analiza a unei teme care nu si-a epuizat inca sensurile explozive.

Antonescu rejected the demands and was alarmed by the Iron Guard’s death squads.

El reconstituie si explica faptele din perspectiva unui istoric al fascismului international si a unui intelectual liberal, in sensul larg al termenului. Goodreads helps you keep track of books you want to read. Open Preview See a Problem?

The main symbol used by the Iron Guard was a triple cross a variant of the triple parted and fretted onestanding for prison bars as a badge of martyrdomand sometimes referred to as the “Archangel Michael Cross” “Crucea Arhanghelului Mihail”. During the aarhanghelului members of the Iron Guard instigated a deadly pogrom in Bucharest.

Return to Book Page. The leaders of the Iron Guard often wore traditional peasant costumes with crucifixes and bags of Romanian soil around their necks to emphasise their commitment to authentic Romanian folk values, in marked contrast to Romania’s Francophile elite who preferred to dress in the style of the latest fashions of Paris.

Iron Guard – Wikipedia

The Iasi Pogrom of June ” pp. Through their summer work camps, the Legionnaires performed volunteer work involving the construction and reparation of roads, bridges, churches and schools in rural areas. After a brief period of arrests, beatings, torture and even killings twelve members of the Legionary Movement were murdered by the police forceIron Guard members retaliated on December 29,by assassinating Duca on the platform of the Sinaia railway station.


Instead, they wanted to recreate and purify the way of thinking in order to bring the whole nation closer to God. Founded by Corneliu Zelea Codreanu on June 24,as the “Legion of the Archangel Michael ” Legiunea Arhanghelului Mihailand led by him until his assassination inadherents to the movement continued to be widely referred to as “legionnaires” sometimes “legionaries”; Romanian: Journalist Edward Behr claimed that in earlya secret agreement was signed by the leaders of the exiled Iron Guard in displaced persons DP camps in Germany and Austria and the Romanian Communist Party, under which the all of the Iron Guards in the DP camps except for those accused of the murder of Communists could return home to Romania in exchange for which the former Iron Guards would work as thugs to terrorize the anti-communist opposition as part of the plans for the ultimate Communist take-over of Romania.

Waves of repression almost completely eliminated the Legion’s original leadership bypromoting second-rank members to the forefront. In the period between —47 Romania had a coalition government in which the Communists played a leading, but not yet dominant role.

Want to Read saving…. The aftermath of Munich, Oct. In contrast to the traditional idea that Romania would follow the path of its “Latin sister” France, Codreanu promoted a xenophobic, exclusive ultra-nationalism, where Romania would follow its own path and rejected the French ideas about universal values and human rights. Particularly gruesome was the murder of dozens of Jewish civilians in the Bucharest slaughterhouse.

Rutgers University Press, pp. Retrieved 15 January This page was last edited on 28 Decemberat During this period, the Legion was generally on the receiving end of persecution. A History of Fascism, — After a long period of confusion, Sima, representing the Legion’s less radical wing, overcame all competition and assumed leadership, being recognised as such on 6 September by the Legionary Forum, a body created at his initiative.

Legiunea „Arhanghelului Mihail“

On 14 Januaryafter securing approval in person from Hitler, and with support of the Romanian army and other political leaders, Antonescu moved in. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. In the parliamentary elections the Legion came in third, behind the Liberal and the Peasant Parties, with Codreanu was arrested and imprisoned in Apriland ultimately strangled to death along with several other legionnaires by their Gendarmerie escort on the night of November 29—30,purportedly during an attempt to escape from prison.


As a paramilitary force, the Iron Guard had no shortage of firearms while it was in power. As to why Romania had been legkunea “colonized” by the Jews, the Iron Guard’s answer was that most Romanian men were simply not manly enough to protect their interests.

In addition to the conflict with the mihhail, an internal battle for power ensued in the wake of Codreanu’s death. As for economics, there was no straightforward program, but the Legion generally promoted the idea of a communal or national economy, rejecting capitalism as overly materialistic. The name “Garda de Fier” is also used by a small, Romanian nationalist group, active in the post- communist era.

They were all skinned Once in power Sima and Antonescu quarreled bitterly. Legionnaires’ rebellion and Bucharest pogrom. Romania had a very large intelligentsia relative to the general population with 2. He destroyed the organization but its commander, Horia Sima, and some other leaders escaped to Germany. Soziale Bewegung und politische Organisation: Lists with This Book. When Nazi Germany and, later, the Soviet Union invaded Poland, Romania granted refuge to members of Poland’s fleeing government and military.

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Tarnstrom, Trogen Books,Balkan Battlesp. Once in power, from September 14, until January 21,the Legion ratcheted up the level of already harsh anti-Semitic legislation and pursued, with impunity, a campaign of pogroms and of political assassinations.

InCorneliu Zelea Codreanu left the number two position under A.

However, the legionnaires shared the general fascist “respect for the war veterans”. Daniel Cojocaru marked it as to-read Jan 10,