Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba: le mouridisme, Touba et Diourbel, Sénégal. Responsibility: Alain Juillet. Imprint: [Senegal?]: Editions Alain Juillet, []. Physical. : Le mouridisme dans le web. 68K likes. L’actualité Autrement. Highlights info row image. people follow this. AboutSee All. Highlights info row image. Contact Le mouridisme on Messenger. Highlights info row image.

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Many Mourides consider the city of Touba mouridime equally or even more important than Mecca. Marabouts are believed to be the mediators between Allah and the people.

Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development. In a charismatic relationship demonstrations of devotion and abnegation towards the marabouts can only explained because their talibes see them as intercessors or even intermediaries with god. Several Baye Fall moutidisme talented mouridjsme.

Groundnuts are the third largest export from Senegal after fish and phosphates. The Grand Marabout is a direct descendant of Amadou Bamba himself and is considered the spiritual leader of all Mourides. Although it had shared in the horrors of the pre-colonial slave tradeFrench West Africa was managed relatively better than other African regions during the Scramble for Africa and ensuing colonial era.

Common religious affiliation has played a role in defusing the potential for tensions that arise from other social cleavages.

Les logiques de travail chez les Mourides

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The brotherhood has a sizable representation in certain large cities in Europe and the United States. Ash’ari Maturidi Traditionalist Others: After his death Bamba has been succeeded by his descendants mouirdisme hereditary leaders of the brotherhood with absolute authority over the followers.

One such mean is the power the religious leaders have as magicians. The marabout-talibe relationship in Senegal is essentially a relationship of personal dependence. The marabouts of the Mouride Brotherhood devote less time to study and teaching than other brotherhoods. One famous disciple of Bamba, Ibrahima Fall, was known for his dedication to God and considered work as a form of adoration. Amadou Bamba is considered a mujaddid renewer of Islam by his followers, citing a hadith that implies that God will send renewers of the faith mouririsme years.


Even taxi and bus drivers fill their vehicles with stickers, paintings and photos of the marabouts of their particular brotherhoods. People at times confront a choice of which marabout to follow, the level of attachment to that marabout, and the domains or situations in which to follow him.

Muslim Rastas in the Promised Land? In the economic-religious ethos around work, one can one can observe a certain shift towards and ethic of economic success inscribed in religious itineraries. Hence they have grown to be associations of Mourides, generally based on shared allegiance to a particular marabout.

What is more common is to see them exert their influence over their followers and use this in return to gain a larger presence in the Senegalese politics. These boys receive Islamic training and are instilled with the doctrine of hard work.

Between Marseille and Touba”. There however remains a potential for ethnic and caste divides to enter the Senegalese socio-political organization.

However, French rule still discouraged the development of local industry, preferring to force the exchange of raw materials for European finished goods, and a large number of taxation measures were instituted.

Although he did not support the French conquest of West Africahe did not wage outright war on them, as several prominent Tijani marabouts had done. Archived from the original on 15 January The caliph leader of the Mouride brotherhood is known as the Grand Marabout and has his seat in Touba.



Fall instituted the culture of work among Mourides with his concept of Dieuf Dieul”you reap what you sow”. Ahmadou Bamba is known to have said “If it’s not in the Qur’an or Hadith, it’s not from me”.

Please discuss this issue on the article’s talk page. In contrast to a vision of masses blindly manipulated by a religious elite, the ties of talibes to their marabouts are frequently far more contingent and tenuous than assumed. There is virtually no opposition to the principle of the secular state, socio-political cleavages based on religion, whether between Muslim and non-Muslim or between Sufi orders, are also virtually non-existent.

The members of the Baye Fall dress in colorful ragged clothes, wear their hair in dreadlocks which are called ndiange “strong hair”which they decorate usually with homemade beads, wire or string. Archived from the original on The Senegalese have a mystical aspect to Islam, much like other Sufism brotherhoods. The Mouride beliefs are based on Quranic and Sufi traditions and influenced by the Qadiri and Tijani brotherhoods, as well as the works mouridusme the scholar al-Ghazali.

The Mouride doctrine of hard work served French economic interests, as addressed below. The methods used by mouricisme marabout have led to a constant depletion of the forests in Senegal and have taken much of the nutrients out of the soil.