Irvingia is a genus of African and Southeast Asian trees in the family Irvingiaceae, sometimes known by the common names wild mango, African mango, bush. Some authorities consider this species to be merely a variety of Irvingia gabonensis. Because of the long history of protection and cultivation, others consider. Irvingia wombolu. Irvingiaceae. Vermoesen. LOCAL NAMES. English (bitter bush mango). BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Irvingia wombolu is a tree to m tall.

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The wood is hard and therefore used for heavy construction work as making irvibgia decks or railway ties. The nutrient values are shown on table 3, for starch, protein and its amino acid content. Irvingia gabonensis wombolu Vermoesen. The children and women are restricted to the compound womnolu and to near village forests where they make daily runs to collect fruits from specified trees.

Irvingia is well know amongst all the sourthern tribes, but its use as food edible fruit and soup thickener has become accepted all over Nigeria, and amongst even tribes that have never seen the tree.

Irvingia wombolu

Grafting, budding, air-layeringmarcotting and cuttings are feasible when they are applied to young wood. The heartwood is untreatable, the sapwood resistant to preservatives. Preventing cracks helps to prevent infestation. Ikom, Obubra, Akampa, Odukpani, and Calabar.


Two varieties of Irvingia gabonensis have been identified Okafor based on womholu phenological and reproductive phenological observations.

Within the high forests areas, many families depend on this enterprise for survival. The wood is fairly heavy, wonbolu is durable and fairly resistant to termites, but susceptible to powder-post beetles and marine borers. The grain is straight or interlocked, texture fine to medium.

Irvingia gabonensis – Wikipedia

The trees are used in agroforestry systems to shade other crops, especially cocoa and coffee. For more information about QR Codes click here. Recent estimates give as the total figure including those newly described for medicinal uses and sources of natural colours.

Seeds are infested by larvae of the merchant grain beetle Oryzaephilus mercator. Cultivation and conservation status of Irvingia wombolu in humid lowland wombbolu of Cameroon. Preparations from the bark are rubbed on to the body in order to relieve pains; they are applied to sores and wounds and are also used against toothache[ ]. Kernels are used to treat diabetes.

Ladipo and FOC Nwonwu These non-timber forest resources are sourced through seasonal extraction from the forests. Click on “show more” to view them. Trade in ogbono to EEC countries and to the USA continues to grow with results obtained in airports, through where they are transported out. Irvingia wombolu Irvingia gabonensis – African tree Heartwood of Irvingia gabonensis and Irvingia wombolu is pale greenish brown or orange-yellow fading to greyish brown; sapwood is lighter, but not always clearly differentiated.


The timber is moderately difficult to saw or plane and tools should be kept sharp. Flowers are pollinated by insects. The kernels are also made into ievingia cake called ‘dika bread’ or ‘odika bread’ for year-round preservation and easy use[ ].

A drupe stone fruit Usually one seeded. The medicinal uses of the various Irvingia species are many, but can hardly be assigned to an individual species[ ].


The shrinkage rates are high, from green to oven dry 6. Harvesting or collections in the forests are activities of women and children.

Identification and characterization of nuclear, cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence CAPS loci in Irvingia gabonensis and Irvingia wombolu, indigenous fruit trees of irvvingia and central Africa. Harvesting of Irvingia gabonensis and Irvingia wombulu in Nigerian forests; potentials for the development of sustainable systems. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

The tree is present in the tropical wet and dry climate zone.