EURYPHARYNX PELECANOIDES PDF

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Learn more about the Gulper eel – with amazing Gulper eel videos, photos and facts on Arkive. Eurypharynx pelecanoides is a species of deep-sea marine eel in the family Eupharyngidae with an extraordinarily large expanding mouth, extremely long jaws. Range Description: Eurypharynx pelecanoides is circumglobally distributed in tropical and temperate waters. Recent records include the Gulf of Mexico.

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Fisheries Of no interest to fisheries. The end of the tail bears a complex organ with numerous tentacles, which glows pink and gives off occasional bright-red flashes. This page was last edited on 12 Novemberat Authentication This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. Fishes of Australia’s Southern Coast. Biology The larvae are described by Smith Downloaded on 21 September This is presumably a lure to attract prey, although its presence at the far end of the body from the mouth suggests the eel may have to adopt an unusual posture to use it effectively.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Large-scale pelecaonides rearrangements originated within the eels. Meso- to abyssopelagic Ref.

Pelican eel

Caudal fin absent; scales absent; lateral line without pores, instead with groups of elevated tubules. Views Read Edit View history. Pectoral fin reduced, low on side just behind gill opening; scales absent, body covered in soft black velvety skin; lateral line present but without pores.

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Estimates of some properties based on models Preferred temperature Ref. Feeding Feeds on a variety of mesopelagic and bathypelagic prey including crustaceans, fishes and squid, by engulfing them in the enormous mouth. The biology of Eurypharynx euryypharynx Pisces, Eurypharyngidae.

As they mature, the males undergo a change that causes enlargement of the olfactory organs, responsible for the sense of smell, pelecamoides degeneration of the teeth and jaws. Degenerative changes in males and females suggest semelparity Ref.

Species Citation Eurypharynx pelecanoides VaillantC.

Human uses

Gulper eels are also unusual that the ampullae of the lateral line system projects from the body, rather than being contained in a narrow groove; this may increase its sensitivity. Share this image — Hide sharing eury;harynx.

Feeds on a variety of mesopelagic and bathypelagic prey including crustaceans, fishes and squid, by engulfing them in the enormous mouth. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Help us share the wonders of the natural world. The names are derived from its most notable feature: Please donate to Arkive Help us share eurypharyynx wonders of the natural world.

Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below. This species is sexually dimorphic, with males developing a large, knob-like nasal rosette.

Native range All suitable habitat Point map. The females, on the other hand, remain relatively unchanged as they mature. This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible. The eel can swim into large groups of shrimp or other crustaceans with its mouth wide open, scooping them up as it goes.

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They are found in temperate and tropical areas of all oceans and lives in depths from pelecnaoides metres. Conventional and X-ray images of preserved Eurypharynx pelecanoides. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. If you are able to help please contact: Molecular Biology and Evolution The Gulper Eel has been found in the temperate and tropical areas of all oceans.

Pelican eel – Wikipedia

Pelican eels lack scales and are covered in black velvety skin. Trunk relatively deep, tail region elongate, slender, compressed, caudal fin absent, tail ending in a small luminous caudal organ. Reed New Holland pp. The gulper eel also has a very long, whip-like tail.

It is an eel-like fish and the only known member of the genus Eurypharynx and the family Eurypharyngidae. Gulper eels are black and some subspecies may have a thin lateral white stripe. Remarks The light organ at the tail tip may lure predators to attack the least vulnerable part of the Pelican Eel’s body Smith Te Papa Press Vol. Mouth greatly enlarged by a backward extension of jaws, gape comprising half or more of preanal length; buccal cavity greatly distensible.