Erythema elevatum diutinum (EED) is a rare, chronic dermatosis that is characterized by red–violet to red–brown papules, plaques, and. Erythema elevatum diutinum (EED) is a chronic form of leukocytoclastic vasculitis consisting of violaceous, red-brown, or yellowish papules. Erythema elevatum diutinum. Authoritative facts about the skin from DermNet New Zealand.

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Erythema elevatum diutinum

You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Erythema elevatum diutinum–a report of two unusual patients. J R Soc Med. Erythema elevatum diutinum EED is a chronic leukocytoclastic vasculitis LCV that was initially described by Hutchinson in and subsequently by Bury in Initially, the lesions are erythematous and soft but with time become red—brown or violaceous in color and firm to palpation secondary to fibrosis.

DermNet NZ does not provide an online consultation service. The patient was no longer using dapsone and dermatological examination showed only residual lesions. On this occasion, antiretroviral therapy was begun.

Erythema, Elevatum Diutinum – StatPearls – NCBI Bookshelf

Local surgical excision can be beneficial for localized fibrotic nodules of EED. Electron microscopy is not a necessary diagnostic tool but would show changes and features of leukocytoclastic vasculitis. Fifteen days later, partial regression of the lesions was achieved, without any antiretroviral therapy yet prescribed. It is also supposed that the immunosuppression caused by HIV predisposes towards infection by other agents that trigger an antigenic stimulus for the development of EED.

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Eritema elevatum diutinum as a differential diagnosis of rheumatic diseases: case report.

This site uses cookies to provide, maintain and improve your experience. It often recurs after apparently successful treatment. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies of IgA class may be helpful as a marker of disease, and Immunoelectrophoresis can also be used to identify possible gammopathies.

Review Erythema elevatum diutinum: Page views in Co-occurring diseases include monoclonal paraproteinemias, lymphoproliferative disorders, chronic infection, autoimmune conditions, and connective tissue diseases.

Nodules removed from hand. Direct immunofluorescence may reveal changes consistent with vasculitis, such as fibrin deposits, intravascularly and perivascularly, complement, and immunoglobulins IgG, IgA, IgM. Erythema elevatum diutinum is a chronic and rare dermatosis that is considered to be a variant of leukocytoclastic vasculitis.

Venous ulcer Arterial insufficiency ulcer Hematopoietic ulcer Neuropathic ulcer Acroangiodermatitis. The pathogenesis of EED is not entirely clear; however, the prevailing and traditional theories are based on immune complex deposition within vessel walls, complement fixation, inflammation, and subsequent vascular destruction.


Please enter User Name Password Error: Additional sites of involvement include the face, retro-auricular area, axillae, buttocks, and genitalia. You can also find results for a single author elecatum contributor.

Questions To access free multiple choice questions on this topic, click here. Views Read Edit View history. Previous treatment with topical corticosteroids had been unsuccessful. If you have any concerns with your skin or its treatment, see a dermatologist for advice. Otherwise it is hidden from view.

Sign in via Shibboleth. Neurotoxoplasmosis of the central nervous system was diagnosed by means of computed tomography of the head, and the patient was hospitalized for 15 days for treatment.

Eritem report three cases of erythema elevatum diutinum.

Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies may be pathogenic in EED. Infections from group B streptococci, HIV, syphilis, and viral hepatitis are commonly associated with EED as well as autoimmune conditions, such as celiac disease, Crohn disease, systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis.