Expert(s). Expert: Notes: Reference for: Other Source(s). Source: American Fisheries Society Special Publication 31, pre-press (version May). Acquired. PDF | A persisting population of an unidentified and probably undescribed cladoceran, morphologically similar to Daphnia similis CLAUS but genetically. The aim of the present paper is to revise the taxonomy of the Daphnia ( Ctenodaphnia) similis group in the Old World with both morphological.

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The two most readily available species of Daphnia are D. The Next Great Lakes Exotic?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Daphnia Daphnia pulex Scientific classification Kingdom: They are often fed to tadpoles or small species of amphibians such as the African dwarf frog Hymenochirus boettgeri.

Daphnia are typically filter feedersingesting mainly unicellular algae and various sorts of organic detritus including protists and bacteria [3] [10] Beating of the legs produces a constant current through the carapace which brings such material into the digestive tract.

The ephippia can withstand periods of extreme cold, drought or lack of food availability, and hatch — when conditions improve — into females They are close to being classed as extremophiles.

Some species of daphnia or water fleas that resemble daphnia have developed permanent, non-temporary defenses against fish eating them such as spines and long hooks on the body which also cause them to become entangled on fishing lines and cloud water with their high numbers.

An individual Daphnia life-span depends on factors such as temperature and the abundance of predatorsbut can be 13—14 months in some cold, oligotrophic fish-free lakes. Limnology and Limnetic Ecology. Stoeckel, Illinois Natural History Survey: National Center for Biotechnology Information. Some species are halophilesand can adphnia found dphnia hypersaline lake environments, daphjia example of which is the Makgadikgadi Pan.

The following are listed as vulnerable by IUCN: Some species of daphnia native to North America can develop sharp spines at the end of the body and helmet-like structures on the head when they detect predators, [22] [23] but this is overall temporary for such daphnia species and they do not completely overwhelm simjlis discourage native predators from eating them.

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In either case, the resting eggs are protected by a hardened coat called the ephippiumand are cast off at the female’s next moult.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Daphnia. The understanding of species boundaries has been hindered by phenotypic plasticity, hybridization, intercontinental introductions and poor taxonomic descriptions. They are then released into the water, and pass through a further 4—6 instars over 5—10 days longer in poor conditions before reaching an age where they are able to reproduce. Due to its intermediate size, Daphnia utilizes both similie and circulatory methods, producing hemoglobin in low-oxygen environments.

Retrieved October 9, Ecology, Epidemiology, and Evolution of Parasitism in Daphnia. World checklist of freshwater Cladocera species.

Daphnia similis Claus, – Overview

Towards the end of the growing season, however, the mode of reproduction changes, and the females produce tough “resting eggs” or “winter eggs”. They are often associated with a related genus in the order Cladocera: By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Zooplankton of the Great Lakes: In species without males, resting eggs are also produced asexually and are diploid.

Global Invasive Species Database: In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Because they are nearly transparent, their internal organs are easy to study in live specimens e. Australodaphnia Colbourne et al. In Patrick O’Sullivan; C. Species such as Bythotrephes longimanus [14] [15] [16] [17] AKA “spiny water flea” and formerly known as Bythotrephes cederstroemi native to Northern Europe and AsiaCercopagis pengoi AKA “fishhook waterflea” native in the brackish fringes of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea and Daphnia lumholtzi [18] [19] [20] [21] native to east Africa, the Asian subcontinent of India, and east Australia have these characteristics and great care should be taken to prevent them from daphniaa further in North American waters.

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Daphnialike many animals, are prone to alcohol intoxication, and make excellent subjects for studying the effects of the depressant on the nervous system due to the translucent exoskeleton and the visibly altered heart rate. Each subgenus has been further divided into a number of simiilis complexes.

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Oneida Lake Education Initiative. Even under relatively low-power microscopythe feeding mechanism daphniaa be observed, with immature young moving in the brood pouch; moreover, the eye being moved by the ciliary muscles can be seen, as well as blood cells being pumped around the circulatory system by the simple heart.

Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. ColburnVernal Pools: Crease; Michael Lynch Several Daphnia species are considered threatened.

Views Read Edit View history. This may not be the case, however, and the new invaders may mostly be a tangling and clogging nuisance.

Daphnia – Wikipedia

Daphnia may be used in certain environments to test the effects of toxins on an ecosystemwhich makes them an indicator genusparticularly useful because of its short lifespan and reproductive capabilities.

Daphnia species are normally r -selectedmeaning that they invest dapbnia early reproduction and so have short lifespans. The physiology of the Cladocera. They are tolerant of being observed live under a cover slip and appear to suffer no harm when returned to open water.

The body of Daphnia is usually 1—5 millimetres 0. Moinawhich is in the Moinidae family instead of Daphniidae and is much smaller than D. List of Daphnia species.