Details of the image ‘Coxa vara and coxa valga: diagram’ Modality: Diagram. Coxa valga describes a deformity of the hip where there is an increased angle between the femoral When the angle is coxa vara. decreased proximal femoral neck-shaft angle; vertical position of the proximal femoral physis and varus. pathomechanics. coxa vara and.

Author: Mazunos Mikashura
Country: Poland
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Medical
Published (Last): 2 January 2016
Pages: 53
PDF File Size: 10.84 Mb
ePub File Size: 16.13 Mb
ISBN: 619-2-34187-818-7
Downloads: 18911
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kirisar

The Ganz osteotomy does not actually lengthen the femur, as the Morscher and Wagner approaches do. Winged scapula Adhesive capsulitis Rotator cuff tear Subacromial bursitis. Valg resonance imaging MRI can be used to illustrate the soft tissues and assess impingement.

Next, a greater trochanteric osteotomy is performed to at the same angle and shifted distally downward and laterally to the outside. Furthermore, the location of the greater trochanter on an anteverted femur promotes hip dysplasia. At the Paley Institute, we offer the most technologically advanced treatment methods, with an emphasis on joint reconstruction and preservation over joint replacement. The center of rotation of angulation CORA is at the center of the femoral valag.


Developmental Coxa Vara – Pediatrics – Orthobullets

An associated dysplastic acetabulum can lead to a hip subluxation. This results in further deformity, such as coxa breva shortening of the neck of the femur and collapse of the femoral head, resulting in an elliptical or saddle shape.

Why does my hip pop? Vagla example is a deformity of the shape of the femoral head. If the angle is greater thanthis is referred to as coxa valga. Retrieved from ” https: Macrocephaly Platybasia Craniodiaphyseal dysplasia Dolichocephaly Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome Plagiocephaly Saddle nose. These must be addressed during surgery with soft tissue releases.

This is achieved by performing a valgus osteotomy, with the valgus position of the femoral neck improving the action of the gluteus muscles, normalising the femoral neck angle, increasing total limb length and improving the joint congruence. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The indication is when there is no need to change the congruity of the joint. In this case study, the acetabulum is abnormal in coxa vara. Treatment involves a pelvic osteotomy combined with varus osteotomy at the upper femur.

Femoral deformity can be secondary to acetabular dysplasia and vice versa. Cleidocranial dysostosis Sprengel’s deformity Wallis—Zieff—Goldblatt syndrome.


What are coxa valga and coxa vara?

The main indication is improved congruity and reduction of joint forces when the femoral head is not spherical. Coxa valga and coxa vara are deformities of the hip. The content on or accessible through Physiopedia is for informational purposes only. Congenital coxa vara results in a decrease in valfa bone as a result of abnormal maturation and ossification of proximal femoral chondrocyte.


December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Coxa vara is the opposite: A good example of a femoral varus osteotomy is the Nishio osteotomy. Anteversion of the femur inward twisting can create coxa valga. Femoral deformities can also arise after treatment of hip dysplasia. Coxx page was last edited on 1 Aprilat Clinically, the cooxa presents itself as an abnormal, but painless gait pattern.

The long axis of the elliptical femoral head is now horizontal. In most cases Physiopedia articles are a secondary source and so should not be used as references.