Fundamental principles of bhaishajya kalpana. The word Bhaishajya Kalpana is composed of two words – Bhaishajya and Kalpana. The word. Bhaishjya kalpana deals with the Basic Ayurvedic pharmaceutics. •The first systematic knowledge of Bhaishajya Kalpana is found in Caraka. Doctor of Medicine in Rasashastra & Bhaishajya Kalpana (Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacy) is Non – Clinical course. Keeping with tradition, the course.

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Shri Ayurved Mahavidyalaya

bgaishajya Dosage form Brief description Basti Per rectal administration of medicated oils and emulsions Guda varti Per rectal insertion of suppository Uttar Basti Per-urethral, per-vaginal administration of medicated oils and emulsions Nasya Nasal instillation and inhalations nasal insufflations Aschyotana Eye drops Anjana Eye creams and ointments Karnapurana Ear drops Ksaara a sutra Surgical thread coated with caustic or acrid drug material.

Ghana is a dried aqueous extract.

The useful plant parts leaf, stem, fruit or whole plant etc. This shows that source of adjuvant itself may influence the expression of pharmacological activity.

Bhaishajya Kalpanaa – The Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics – An Overview

The pharmaceutical procedures for any drug involve various steps starting from identification and collection of authentic raw material, application of standardized processing techniques, and production of quality drug to packaging and storage of the produced drug.

Many a times the place or source of materials especially of adjuvants and vehicles is not specified. After strained decoctions Kwaatha are boiled down, sugar or jiggery is added to it. That would serve as the most important step in the globalization of Ayurvedic bhaishaya.


Three types of extraction techniques, depending on the heat sensitivity of the plant material, are used. Principles of Ayurvedic Pharmaceutics The pharmaceutical procedures for klpana drug involve various steps starting from identification and collection of authentic raw material, application of standardized processing techniques, and production of quality drug to packaging and kappana of the produced drug. Before use on the body part, the powder is mixed with some liquid or other medium indicated for each preparation and made into a soft paste.


But four, eight and sixteen parts of water is added to soft, hard and very hard plant material respectively for the decoction to be used as base material for preparation of medicated oil or ghee.

When more than one liquid is mentioned for grinding, they are used in succession. The different aspects related to drug formulation, preparation, storage etc.

Considering its importance, different aspects of this discipline have been presented in this review to familiarize the readers, especially those who have just started studying Ayurveda, with concept of ayurvedic pharmaceutics. Water being comparatively inert universal solvent is used as a media for extraction of such active ingredients bhaushajya the plant.

Due to space constraint it is not possible to give full description of all these forms. The Ayurvedic formulations range widely from freshly extracted plant juice to eye drops, ointments, surgical threads etc.

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare; Vartis are made by grinding the fine powders of the drugs with the fluids in the formula to form a soft paste. In such cases two parts of water is added to the ground plant material and it is left to soak overnight. Coga KusmaandAsparagus racemosus Willd. The mixture is then filtered through a four layered muslin cloth.

Depending on the requirement, different procedures are adopted to extract therapeutically useful ingredients. In addition to the above discussed formulation types there are other purely mineral based formulations like kupipakwa rasaayana, parpati, pisti, bhasma etc. Thus the type of pharmaceutical processing depends on following factors:. Sattva – is the water extractable solid substance collected from a plant.


The components soluble in water are extracted in water whereas solvents like fat, oil or bhaiwhajya are required to extract ingredients soluble in those solvents. They are finely powdered and sieved. Sugar or jaggery and powders choorna of other medicinal plants as required along with a natural ferment are added to these two liquids and they are left in a closed container till the fermentation is completed.

Influence of season and place of collection In one of the studies it has been shown that season of collection of raw drugs can influence the expression of pharmacological activity Sridhara Bairy, kalpwna Many a times the substance may contain more than one therapeutically useful constituent.

Sometimes it bhaisnajya necessary to use plant ingredients in fresh form in such a case drug paste is prepared, dried, and then added. A Comparative Pharmaco-clinical study of Churna, Ghrita and Sharkara of Yashti-madhu in Parinama-shool with special reference to duodenal ulcer. Ayurvedic pharmaceutics is not an exception to this. Influence of formulation type In a study carried out by Sudhir Joshi – Yastimadhu Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn was administered in three formulation forms and subjected to comparative evaluation.

In case of formulations in which minerals are used, the drugs kslpana preserved for indefinite period.