Principles of Atoric Lens Design – Laramy-K Optical. Views. 4 years ago. Lens, · Lenses, · Aspheric, · Atoric, · Cylinder, · Meridian, · Spherical. free-form back surface aspheric/atoric design with a spherical front surface to % of the aspheric/atoric design is surfaced on the back side of the lens. Jan 21, I have one question about those above topics What is the difference between aspheric, toric and atoric (for glasses, not for contact lenses).

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The tangential error is the error from the desired focus through the tangential meridian of the lens as a result of lens aberrations.

Wearers can therefore enjoy sufficient reading utility with the largest viewing zones possible, regardless of frame size. Nonetheless, the more base curves a given base curve series has, the more precisely the aberrations can be minimized. For semi-finished lens blanks, the base curve will be the factory-finished curve, which is generally located on the front of the blank.

The sagittal error is the error from the desired focus through the sagittal meridian of the lens. This is called an atoric lens literally, non-toric lens. Away from this central region, the amount of surface astigmatism smoothly increases towards the periphery of the lens.

Toric lens

Essentially, the form was chosen such that the astigmatism produced at the two surfaces canceled each other out. Some cataract lenses, such as the Welsh 4-Dropemployed such an approach. Incident rays of light are no longer brought to a single point focus at the desired focal point of the lens, as described by our simple focal power formula.

Light rays refracted through the paraxial region will form a sharp point focus at the desired focal point of the lens and ultimately upon the retina of the eye. In the presence of oblique astigmatism, there is no single focal point but rather two focal lines. Consequently, standard best form and aspheric lens designs with prescribed cylinder edsign represent an optical compromise. The table, below, represents a range of In short the radius increases or decreases as it radiates from center.

Moreover, because the progressive viewing zones are brought closer to the eye, slightly wider fields-of-view may be obtained when the progressive optics are located on the back surface. Wearers can therefore enjoy the widest fields of clear vision possible, regardless of prescription. Changes to the basic design of these lenses have therefore been limited to subtle variations in optical design dexign a handful of base curves that must work sufficiently well over relatively broad prescription ranges.


As with the base curve of a best form lens, the amount or degree of asphericity will depend upon the focal power of the lens. Asphericity allows lens designers to flatten a lens form in order to improve cosmesis, without sacrificing opical performance. In addition to lens thickness, varying the lens form will also produce deesign differences in the plate heightor overall bulge, between lenses of the same power.

Back-surface lenses employ a factory-molded spherical front and a free-form-surfaced progressive back surface that has been combined with the prescription curves; the progressive optics are directly surfaced. Consequently, some practitioners may specify “match base curves” on a new prescription.

Opticians Handbook – Aspheric/Atoric

The sixth lens aberration, chromatic aberrationis a consequence of the dispersive properties of the actual lens material, and is not a lfns of lens design. The peripheral vision through a lens that suffers from these lens aberrations is blurred, and the wearer experiences a limited field of clear vision.

Aspheric base curves free lens designers from the constraints of conventional best form lenses, which use simple spherical base curves. Spherical aberration and coma occur because the focal power of a lens pens increases away from its optical axis. Thereby focusing light in two lines 90 degrees opposed with a circular focus between the two lines. As a result, aspheric surfaces are “rotationally-symmetrical.

When the wearer looks through the peripheral regions of a spectacle lens, aberrations such as oblique astigmatism produce unwanted sphere and cylinder power errors that degrade vision quality and narrow the field of clear vision.

Lens TalkVol.

One of the lens surfaces is shaped like a aatoric from a torus see lenw at rightand the other one is usually spherical. While aspheric lenses do not provide better vision than best form lenses, they do provide equivalent vision in a flatter, thinner, and lighter lens. It turns out that the form of a lens will have a significant impact on the clarity of peripheral vision experienced by the wearer.


Principles of Atoric Lens Designin: It has also been demonstrated that individuals vary in their habitual head movement. Consequently, the more base curves available in the series, the broader the prescription range of the product.

This term refers to the fact that the base curve has been chosen in order to correct certain aberrations. The errors from the desired prescription produced by these lens aberrations result in deeign vision in the periphery and a restricted field of clear vision. Free-form progressive lenses of this type essentially replicate the performance of traditional, semi-finished progressive lenses. Enhanced semi-finished lenses employ a factory-molded progressive surface on the front and free-form surfaced prescription curves that have been optically optimized on the back; the progressive optics are factory-molded.

This type of surface offers more flexibility to the lens designer than a simple conicoid surface. This page was last edited on 6 Julyat The dioptric difference between the actual focal point of the lens and its desired focal point deign the power error of the lens.

Toric lens – Wikipedia

For finished lens blanks, which have already been fabricated to the desired power, the curves are chosen beforehand by the manufacturer. Atoric notice no space between a and toric means a lens that has two parabolic curves on at least one surface.

For plus lenses, flat lenses use either convex curves for both the front and back i.

As a consequence, there are two different refractive powers at orientations perpendicular to each other. Essentially, plate height is the height of a lens as measured from a flat plane.

This means selecting a base curve that will produce a lens form free from the lens aberrations that can blur vision through the periphery of the lens. In aforic to the oblique astigmatism that occurs while viewing off-axis objects in the periphery, you can introduce oblique astigmatism by simply tilting a lens, since this also places the line of sight at a significant angle to the optical axis of the lens.

Thereby attempting to either compensate for spherical abberattions or have a progressive focal length. Inwhen W.