Atomsko jezgro je zeleno, elektroni plavi a emitovani foton crven. putanja trebalo da bude spiralni pad u atomsko jezgro, a emitovano zračenje kontinualno . Deuterij, poznat i kao teški vodik, je stabilni neradioaktivni izotop vodika kod kojeg se atomsko jezgro sastoji od protona i neutrona, za razliku od najčešće. atomsko jezgro. A tiny, incredibly dense positively charged mass at the heart of the atom. The nucleus is composed of protons and neutrons (and other particles).

Author: Nakinos Tukora
Country: Finland
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Art
Published (Last): 28 June 2014
Pages: 294
PDF File Size: 6.22 Mb
ePub File Size: 13.29 Mb
ISBN: 947-4-59307-147-4
Downloads: 8939
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tojarisar

Nuclei larger than this maximal size of particles are unstable and as a trend become increasingly short-lived with larger size, as the number of neutrons and protons which compose them increases beyond this number. American Institute of Physics.

James Chadwick Wikipedia open wikipedia design. A Biography of Sir James Chadwick.

atomsko jezgro – Wiktionary

National Academy of Sciences. The neutron distribution probably is similar. Another nuclei with 3 nucleons, the triton hydrogen-3 is unstable and will decay into helium-3 when isolated.

The largest known completely stable e. Hoddeson, Lillian; Henriksen, Paul W.

However, the latter type of nuclei are extremely unstable and are not found on Earth except in high energy jfzgro experiments. For light nuclei with total nucleon numbers 1 to 6 only willy those with 5 do not show some evidence of stability.

  EVI D100 PDF

The stable nucleus has approximately a constant density and therefore the nuclear radius R can be approximated by the following formula. Weiner, Charles 20 April Almost all of the mass in an atom is made up from the protons and neutrons in the nucleus, with a very small contribution from the ahomsko electrons.

Category:Atomic nucleus – Wikimedia Commons

Wilson, ” PDF. Lewis stated, in his famous article The Atom and the Moleculethat atomkso atom is composed of the kernel and an outer atom or shell “. Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences 3: Lawrence and his Laboratory: Mohamed Taha Egypt Terms.

In other words, packing protons and neutrons in the nucleus gives approximately the same total size result as packing hard spheres of a constant size like marbles into a afomsko spherical or semi-spherical bag some stable nuclei are not quite spherical, but are known to be prolate.

Similarly, the distance from shell-closure explains the unusual instability of isotopes which have far from stable numbers of these particles, such as the radioactive elements 43 technetium and 61 promethiumeach of which is preceded and followed by 17 or more stable elements. Dobio je Nobelovu nagradu za fiziku atoomsko Classical images of separate particles thus fail to model known charge distributions in very small nuclei.

A material with a significant vapor pressure. It also is effective for the stability of one 3-body nucleon system [PNP], helium-3, while the triton [NPN] is unstable and decays to helium A solid or liquid material that easily vaporizes. They sometimes are viewed as two different quantum states of the same particle, the nucleon. For stable nuclei not halo nuclei or other unstable distorted nuclei the nuclear radius is roughly proportional to the cube root of the mass number A of the nucleus, and particularly in nuclei containing many nucleons, as they arrange in more spherical configurations:.


Pristupljeno 20 January Retrieved from ” http: A figurative depiction of the helium -4 atom.

atomsko jezgro

Featured Terms sonjap Terms 0 Blossaries 2 Followers. Two-neutron halo nuclei break into three fragments, never two, and are called Borromean because of this behavior referring to a system of three interlocked rings in which breaking any ring frees both of the others.

The nuclear radius R is considered to be one of the basic things that any model must explain. Bohr, Niels; Wheeler, John A. Nobelova nagrada za fiziku. It contains almost all of the mass of the atom but occupies only a tiny fraction of the atom’s volume.