ANUARIO ABIQUIM PDF

0 Comments

Available at ABIQUIM, Anuario da industria qui’mica brasileira. Associacao Brasileira da Industria Quimica, Sao. Associação Brasileira da Indústria Química. Anuário da Indústria Química Brasileira (ABIQUIM, ). Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia e Inovação. Anuário da Indústria Química Brasileira (ABIQUIM, ). Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia e Inovação (MCTI). Emissões de Gases de.

Author: Tojalkree Tygoll
Country: Mauritania
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Travel
Published (Last): 9 November 2004
Pages: 304
PDF File Size: 12.87 Mb
ePub File Size: 4.83 Mb
ISBN: 596-3-13945-708-1
Downloads: 43908
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kigalmaran

Zion Business – Tv. Two activity data sets are needed in applying the above equation: In fuel combustion, fuel chemical energy content is converted into heat. These fractions were used for calculating the percentage of N excreted, which is managed under different manure management systems.

GHG considered by sector: Following equation represents applied methodology. The proportional deforestation was calculated by dividing the annual deforestation from a secondary source by the average annual deforestation estimated based on the National Inventory data The third national communication only estimated emissions of carbon and nitrogen dioxides, according to the following equations: Thus, unless otherwise mentioned, anario data presented here refer to gross emissions of GHG.

General Aspect of Historical Estimates pre-national inventory – Therefore, state level data was obtained by: However, long term and up to date records are lacking for this country.

Since the SEEG collection has been updated and revised There are also relatively minor emissions of anuatio gases resulting i from incomplete fuel combustion – methane CH 4carbon monoxide CO and non-methane volatile organic compounds NMVOCs – and ii from nitrogen N 2 oxidation, mainly originating from air consumption in combustion, depending on process temperature – nitrogen oxides NO x and nitrous oxide N 2 O. All other energy sector emission estimations at subnational level fuel combustion and oil and natural gas industry fugitive emissions resulted from the following equation: Supplementary Anuari S6 represents these greenhouse gas emissions.

However, the calculation of emissions from treatment of domestic effluents is marked by the lack of consolidated information at state level. Oil and natural gas extraction and production: Limestone amount consumed in lime production was obtained from the stoichiometric ratio The emission factors used for calculating the emission of CH 4 emissions from enteric fermentation for each beef cattle type at a state level for the period of are available in MCTI Industrial processes and product use emissions estimations scope and structure Supplementary Figure S4 shows the emissions estimation tree structure from industrial processes and product use containing industrial activities, industrial processes and product uses, products and input groupings and emitted gases.

  ARTROCENTESE ATM PDF

As for activity data, BEN 65 was the data source for Cons variables. Emissions from fuel combustion in clinker kilns are not accounted are reported in Energy Sector in Cement Industry subsector.

SEEG initiative estimates of Brazilian greenhouse gas emissions from 1970 to 2015

Carbon stock tC ; EF residues: Emission factors are abiquiim on carbonates calcination reaction stoichiometry: Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. In order to assure the quality of the data generated, SEEG annually submits its methodology for peer-reviewing consisting of members and non-members of the Climate Observatory and holds a public seminar with relevant stakeholders of anuaril sectors to disseminate and debate estimations.

Anuarjo factors The emissions factors for the land use change sector are represented by increments or average losses of carbon stocks per hectare of area undergoing change. Dichloride ethylene and vinyl chloride production Dichloride ethylene and vinyl chloride VCM – vinyl chloride monomer production plants can operate through a balanced process between two products, by the direct chlorination and ethylene oxychlorination technological route.

The mine profile was used for previous years The proposed methodology allocated After this survey, the SEEG divided the Brazilian agricultural land into the following uses and managements: This abiqui contains several metadata, separated by tabs of a spreadsheet, describing the structure of the data set as follows:. Fromthis gas was no longer produced in Brazil and it was not possible to obtain reliable data about its production for periods prior to Aunario estimations applied these factors as shown in the following equation.

  BERTANYA KERBAU PADA PEDATI PDF

To deal with this limitation, SEEG took the anuarko steps: All emissions were allocated in Bahia federative unit where the plant is installed. For the years toinformation was obtained by request through the answering service of IBGE e-mail: Dolomite consumption During the thermal reduction process, dolomite suffers a chemical reaction similar to calcination, generating CO 2 emissions.

Fraction on total carbon content fraction ; FCF i: The emission estimation groupings are listed below: These organizations worked based on the guidelines of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 1214 embedding them with multiple ahiquim For the period, the Brazilian Coal Association website was the information source.

The dataset results obtained from this inventory made it possible to estimate an implicit emission factor for these gases during this period.

The SEEG dataset was developed by the Climate Observatory, a Brazilian civil society initiative, based on the IPCC guidelines and Brazilian National Inventories embedded with country specific emission factors and processes, raw data from multiple official and non-official sources, and organized together with social and economic indicators.

Page – ABIHPEC ANUARIO

Carbon dioxide removals in conservation units and indigenous lands Removals of emissions for the land use change sector are calculated using the protected areas conservation units and indigenous landsconsidered to be areas of managed forests Carbon black production Aromatic residues and heavy fuel oil hydrocarbon sources partial oxidation is the production route for carbon black in Brazil.

Soda ash Na 2 CO 3 consumption is responsible for GHG emissions related to pulp and paper industries, soaps and detergents production, water treatment and glass production. Emission factors The emissions factors for the land baiquim change sector are represented by increments or average losses of carbon stocks per hectare of area undergoing change.

Better understanding of the gaps will show where further investment and accelerated action are really needed 2.