Antiphonarium Romanum: ad ritum Breuiarij ex decreto sacros. Concilij Tridentini restituti. Front Cover. Chiesa cattolica. apud Iuntas(IS), Giunta, – An Antiphonary is one of the liturgical books intended for use in choro and originally . This “Antiphonarium Romanum compendiose redactum ex editionibus. Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only.

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That the word antiphonarium is, or was, quite elastic in its application, is shown by the remark of Amalarius in his Liber de ordine Antiphonariiwritten in the first half of the ninth century.

The expression “antiphonal chant” would, however, comprise all these different kinds of texts and chants, since they are so constructed as to be sung alternately by the two divisions of the liturgical choir; and in this sense the word Antiphonary would be sufficiently inclusive in its implication.

This appeal to early tradition has resulted in Pius X taking away its official sanction from the Ratisbon edition. Briefly, the next highly important step in the history of the antiphonary was its introduction into some dioceses of France where the liturgy had been Gallicanwith ceremonies related to those of Milan and with chants developed by newer melodies.

Antiphonarium Romanum | The Online Books Page

In the ” Prioress’ Tale ” of Chaucer it occurs in the form “antiphonere”:. The Ratisbon “Graduale”, founded on the Medicean which anriphonarium the chants as abbreviated and changed by Anerio and Surianoand the “Antiphonarium” which was based on the Antiphonale of Venice,with the responsories of Matins based on the Antwerp edition ofwould be replaced by the chants as found in the older codices.

In like manner, the Roman Breviary, practically entirely meant for singing in choro, contains no music; anitphonarium the “Antiphonarium” performs for it a service similar to that of the “Liber Gradualis” for the Missal. It thus included generically the antiphons and antiphonal chants sung by cantor, congregation, and choir at Mass romanu Missarumor graduale and at the canonical Hours antiphonarium officii ; but now it refers only to the sung portions of the Divine Office or Breviary.


Gall manuscripts are derived not antiphonraium from the Italian but from the Irish-Anglo-Saxon. Gall, other important schools of chant were founded at Rouen and Soissons. Gregory was a musical cento, a compilation centonem … compilavit of pre-existing material into a coherent and well-ordered whole. But it is not known whether any collection of the chants had been made before that antiphlnarium St.

In the course of time new melodies were added, at first characterized by the simplicity of the older tradition, but gradually becoming more free in extended intervals. It is suggested by some that this Ratisbon edition has lost its authentic and official character by virtue of the ” Motu proprio ” 22 Novemberand the Decree of the Sacred Congregation of Rites romanuum January In current usage Antiphoner refers more narrowly to books containing the chants for the Divine Office in distinction to the Gradual Graduale or more rarely antiphonarium Missarumwhich contains the antiphons used for the Mass.

Gall trained the monks in the Roman style. The first of these volumes to be issued, entitled: It comprised in one volume what in some editions had been distributed in several, such as the “Antiphonarium” in a very restricted sensethe “Psalterium”, the “Hymnarium”, the “Responsoriale”.

Other popes gave, a medieval writer assures us, attention to the chants; and he specifies St. It is impossible to trace here the progress of the Gregorian antiphonary throughout Europe, which resulted finally in the fact that the liturgy of Western Europe, with a very few exceptions, finds itself based fundamentally on the work of St.

This page was last edited on 25 Decemberat The school of Metz began the process early. Romanu, importance of the Gregorian Antiphonary is found in the enduring stamp it impressed on the Roman liturgy.

ChrodegangBishop of Metzon his return from an embassy to Rome, introduced the Roman liturgy into his diocese and founded the Chant School of Metz.

The “Antiphonarium” has been issued in a compendious form “for the large number of churches in which the Canonical Hours of the Divine Office are sung only on Sundays and Festivals”.


Antiphonarium Romanum, 1748, Évora

But the Lessons of Matins First Nocturn in the triduum of Holy Week, styled “Lamentations”, have a melody proper to qntiphonarium, which is not therefore merely indicated but is placed immediately with the texts of the Lessons. Sacramentsritesand liturgies of the Catholic Church.

Into those of the “Graduale” we need not enter. The discussion below is almost entirely drawn from the article in the Catholic Encyclopedia.

Antiphonary – Wikipedia

What made his antiphonary so very useful to chanters as John the Deacon esteemed it was probably his careful presentation of a revised text with a revised melody, written either in the characters used by the ancient authors as set down in Boethius or in neumatic notation.

It would take too much space to record here the multiplication of antiphonaries and their gradual deterioration, both in text and in chant, from the Roman standard. Matins nighttime Lauds early morning Prime first hour of daylight Terce third hour Sext noon Nones ninth hour Vespers sunset evening Compline end of the day. The word Antiphonary had in the earlier Middle Ages sometimes a more general, sometimes a more restricted meaning.

His changes in the “Graduale” were few; in the antiphonary, many. It is true, also, that the chants used at Milan were styled, in honour of St.

Subsequent developments have been the replacement of the Ratisbon editions romahum the Vatican edition of and the publication of the Antiphonale monasticum produced by the Benedictines of SolesmesAnttiphonarium the Office was substantially revised and renamed the Liturgy of the Hours Liturgia Horarum and new books appeared: An Antiphonary may also be called an Antiphonal, Antiphony or Antiphoner.