PDF | On Jan 1, , Piotr Gąsiorowski and others published Review of Katamba, Francis. An introduction to phonology. An introduction to phonology /​ Francis Katamba. Author. Katamba, Francis, Published. London ; New York: Longman, Content Types. text. An Introduction to Phonology has 29 ratings and 3 reviews. This is a practical introduction to generative phonology for the novice, reflecting the trends.

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An Introduction to Phonology Francis Katamba | Hikmat Ahmed –

The choice is not random. The English- speaking hearer will not perceive the difference between the two [i]’s. It has been shown that there are often good phonetic reasons for phonological processes. For the most part, phonological alternation in the shape of a mor- pheme has a phonetic motivation and that motivation tends to be similar in different languages.

Robert Kirui rated it it was ok Sep 15, Series This product is a member of the following phonlogy. In principle we could indicate the amount of voicing by using an infinite number of points on the voicing scale. Continuing its outward journey, the air reaches the LARYNX or voice box – that cartilaginous membrane at the top of the windpipe which is called the Adam’s apple in everyday language. Contrast the inventories in [6.


Pause for a moment and list at least three more spoon- erisms. Get your vocal cords firmly together and shut off the glottis. How is linguistic knowledge acquired by infants? Make a broad transcription of the following words: It is poss- ible to predict the allophone that speakers produce in a given word if you know the sounds that are adjacent to it. Follow the example given in i. This happened historically as Spanish introoduction from Latin. The segments which condition or undergo a phonological process do share in each instance some phonetic characteristic.

The fricative, which is a continuant, assimilates the property of being noncontinuant i. When we do that, it soon becomes obvious that phono- logical segments have internal structure.

These 3 locations in Western Australia: The relevant examples are not repeated introductiob. They may recognise that, for instance, the two letters sh in words like shop and push stand for one rather than two sounds while the single letter x stands for two sounds in words like tax and box; and they may also be aware that the sound katakba c in rice is not the same as the sound spelled c in coal, but that the latter sound is the ‘same’ as the sound spelled by the different letter k in koala or by the letters ck in back.

The chances of such an arbitrary nasalisation rule existing in any language are extremely remote.

In this section:

But because they lack phonetic similarity, [h] and [rj] cannot be grouped together as allophones of the same phoneme. Then set up a personal list of libraries from your profile page by clicking on your user name at the top right of any screen.


Alhona Villa rated it liked it Aug 09, The same kind of segmentalization of speech sounds is also manifested in normal spoken language – albeit usually in a less extreme form. Hence sounds that are physically different may be regarded as functionally the same in a particular language.

The production of speech 5 [1. Jun 13, Mastiah added it.

Introduction to Phonology

The exclusive concentration on generative phonology should not be taken as evidence of a belief on my part that nothing of value has been said about phonology in the other frameworks. Phonetic features may be multivalued but phonological features need not be.

The diagram below shows the place of phonology in the general theory of language which we shall be using: Nasalised vowels, though widespread, are still much less frequent than their oral coun- terparts both in the world’s languages and in those languages where they occur.

You can even integrate your own material if you wish. Analysing Sentences Noel Burton-Roberts. All other sounds are nonspread.