This free application displays the full Amharic Fidel (ፊደል) and pronounces each letter. In addition to the full Fidel, the application also features tabs for Abugida. uh*, oo, ee, aa/a, ae/ay, eh, O. h. ሀ. ha. ሁ. hu. ሂ. hee. ሃ. haa. ሄ. hae. ህ. heh. ሆ. ho. l. ለ. le. ሉ. lu. ሊ. lee. ላ. la. ሌ. lay. ል. leh. ሎ. lo. h. ሐ. ha. ሑ. hu. ሒ. hee. ሓ. haa. The Amharic Machine shows you how to write any word or sentence in Amharic Amharic is written with a version of the Ge’ez script known as Fidel. There is.

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The gerund is used to form the following tense forms:. The table below shows alternatives for many of the forms.

The Amharic ejective consonants correspond to the Proto-Semitic ” emphatic consonants “, usually transcribed with a dot below the letter. Amharic language edition of Wikipediathe free encyclopedia. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Amharic language.

Gemination is not indicated in Amharic orthography, but Amharic readers typically do not find this to be a problem. This phonetic alphabet was manually written until the advent of the printing press which began to be utilized amnaric Ethiopia as early as in However, in such cases, the person, number, and second- or third-person singular gender of the subject and object are marked on the verb.

Ethiopian Alphabet: Amharic Letters and the Alphabet in Ethiopia

In singular forms, this article distinguishes between the male and female gender; in plural forms this distinction is absent, and all definites are marked with – ue. Retrieved 11 October Along with the infinitive and the present participle, the gerund is one of three non-finite verb forms.


Some nouns and adjectives take a feminine marker -it: For reflexive pronouns ‘myself’, ‘yourself’, etc. The dawn of the computer age saw pioneers such as Dr. Subscription or UK public library membership required.

All Amharic verbs agree with their subjects ; that is, the person, number, and in the second- and third-person singular gender of the subject of the verb are marked by suffixes or prefixes on the verb. Since then, the character set of about glyphs has been standardized by Unicode, a organization that provides a unique number for each character. Amharic nouns can be primary or derived. Molla create programs rendering each glyph of the alphabet with only two keystrokes.

As in other Semitic languagesAmharic verbs use a combination of prefixes and suffixes to indicate the subject, distinguishing 3 persons, two numbers, and in all persons except first-person and “honorific” pronouns two genders. Not much has been published about Amharic dialect differences.

Amharic alphabet, pronunciation and language

Amsalu Aklilu has pointed out that Amharic has inherited a large number of old plural forms directly from Classical Ethiopic Ge’ez Leslau Oxford University Press, Inc. Amhaaric and New York: The Ethiopian alphabet or Amharic letters is also known as Ethiopic or Geez is one of the oldest used in the world.

Eastern Egyptian and Peninsular Bedawi. As in the plural, morphophonological alternations occur depending on the final consonant or vowel. Fudel 8 December Archived from the original on 3 April Amharic has various ways to derive nouns from other words or other nouns.

The gerund functions as the head of a subordinate clause see the example above. One way of nominalising consists of a form of vowel agreement similar vowels on similar places inside the three-radical structures typical of Semitic languages.

Adjectives are words or constructions used to qualify nouns. The Amharic script is an abugidaand the graphemes of the Amharic writing system are called fidel. Arabic Literary Classical Modern Standard.


Second only to Arabic, and it uses the ancient language of Geez as its script, this is fide as the Fidel. The basic shapes are altered in various ways to indicate a different vowel following the base consonant. East Semitic languages Akkadian Eblaite. You may notice that some consonants appear qmharic than once in the alphabet, for example “h” appears four times. Utilizing less keystrokes when typing in the Ethiopian alphabet has always remained a challenge for Ethiopian software engineers and inventors.

Amharic Alphabets – ፊደላት in Amharic

There is a growing body of literature in Amharic in many genres. Journal of African Languages and Linguistics.

In general, if the object is definite, possessed, or a proper noun, the accusative must be used Leslau Adjectives in Amharic can be formed in several ways: Like English, Amharic makes a two-way distinction between near ‘this, these’ and far ‘that, those’ demonstrative expressions pronouns, adjectives, adverbs. Handbook of the IPA. There are several maharic of the gerund depending on its morpho-syntactic features.

All dialects are mutually intelligible, but certain minor variations are noted. Amharic has special words that can be used to indicate the gender of people and animals. These do not have an equivalent sound in English, they sound ‘sharper’ than their normal counterparts.

The internal plural employs vowel quality or apophony to pluralize words, similar to English man vs.

After Haile Selassie’s visit to Jamaica, study circles in Amharic were organized in Jamaica as part of the ongoing exploration of Pan-African identity and culture. Italics indicate extinct languages.