BAUMGARTEN’S AESTHETICA. MARY J. GREGOR. Although the content of Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten’s. Aesthetica1 seems to be familiar in German. The theory of aesthetics started controversies over its legitimate existence as a fully developed science. Alexander Baumgarten was the first who used the word . On the 26th of May , German philosopher Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was born in Frankfurt (Oder), Brandenburg. He famously.

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The last and most eminent characteristic of the Greek works is a noble simplicity and sedate grandeur in Gesture and Expression. He first baumgaarten that Lessing fails to explain why beauty must be the first law of the visual arts. As we have seen, Wolff equates perfection, which is the object of pleasure in all contexts including those subsequently labeled aesthetic, with an objective sense of truth.

Karl marked it as to-read Apr 01, Thus he does not consider the paradox of tragedy, formulated by Du Bos and then discussed by virtually every other eighteenth-century writer on literature, nor does he emphasize the moral benefits of uplifting literature, as so many others do.

Aesthetica by Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten

However, in his classroom lectures on aestyetica AestheticaBaumgarten particularly emphasized the moral magnitude of the subject matter of works of art as a major source of our pleasure in them, and there mentions that works of art will therefore be touching, that is to say, emotionally moving.

Aesthetica aesthetics Alexander Baumgarten beauty immanuel kant. Just a moment while we sign you in to your Goodreads account. Sulzer’s morality is a Wolffian form of utilitarianism, according to which the goal of the moral life is happiness. But he will argue that the exercise of various of our powers, indeed as we are about to see bodily as well as mental powers, is itself a perfection that we enjoy, so this might at least point toward the idea that the source of pleasure in beauty is the free play of the those powers.

What especially pleases us in the case of art, considered as art, is the reference to the spiritual gifts of the artist which make themselves visibly known. What is particularly striking is that he then uses what we might call this quantitative conception of the aim bsumgarten poetry, that it arouse more and denser rather than fewer and more clearly separated images, as the basis for an argument that poetry should be emotionally baumagrten. And accordingly the connection of things in the world with one another makes it into a mirror of [God’s] wisdom….


What would he not do to transform his sight into touch, to make his seeing into a form of touching that feels in the dark…. Enlightenment theory views on aesthetics In aesthetics: But works of art also enliven our abstract knowledge of moral precepts and make them effective on our action, so aesthetic experience is also of indirect moral value.

Learn how your comment data is processed. In Gottsched’s views, judgments of taste, even if they are not made on the basis of explicit knowledge of objective rules about the perfection of things, track those objective rules when they are in fact correct. The same is true for two professional philosophers of the time who also worked within the Wolffian framework but took at least one step towards an aesthetic theory that could subsequently give the play of the mental powers equal importance with the sensible representation of truth by treating the aesthetic qualities of representations as parallel to rather than identical with their purely cognitive qualities.

Baumgarten developed aesthetics to mean the study of good and bad ” taste “, thus good and bad art, linking good taste with beauty. Refresh and try again.

It is in this sense that poetry can present more truth to us than either painting or music alone. But there is certainly a nascent view here that the perception of beauty in art, although not only in art, is both intrinsically pleasurable and also instrumentally valuable because it leads to self-improvement.

A.G. Baumgarten, The Man Who ‘Invented’ Aesthetics

Theories of Art and Society, Maria Delgado Vaz marked it as to-read Mar 01, The practical aim of the Critical Poetics was to elevate the tone of German popular theater and moderate the Baroque excesses of the upper-class theater by recommending the model of the classical French theater of Racine and Corneille. The theoretical basis of the work was the Wolffian principle that the theater and other forms of poetry Gottsched had little to say about the emerging medium of the novel should be used to convey important moral truths through images that would make them accessible and engaging for a wide audience.

The remaining conversations argue that the contemplation of the order of nature proves to us that its existence cannot have been a matter of chance, and that its beauty gives us palpable evidence of the wisdom and benevolence of its creator.

Internet URLs are the best. Hence they can never serve as determinate a priori laws to which our judgment of taste must conform. The illusion has worked; the sculpture lives and his soul feels that it lives.


Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten | German philosopher |

However, his criticism immediately triggered more philosophical aesthetics in response. Yet in the s and s their debate was intense, not just because Gottsched was a self-important controversialist who clearly enjoyed being on center stage, but also because their debate about the proper scope and power of the imagination was both theoretically interesting and reflected a tectonic shift in German taste.

He was working on a revision of it when he was murdered in Trieste in June ofwhile returning to Rome aesthetiica Vienna, where the Empress Maria Theresa had awarded him a collection of gold and silver medallions.

KarinaPalarie marked it as to-read Jan 15, Materialism and scientific discovery architecture In architecture: Baumgarten may have been motivated to respond to Pierre Bonhours’ opinion, published in a pamphlet in the late 17th century, that Germans were incapable of appreciating art and beauty.

Aesthetics and Civil Society: But in his emphasis on the role of the body as well as the mind in aesthetic experience, Mendelssohn goes beyond his successors. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The other innovation was the idea that our response to beauty, whether in nature or in art, is a free play of our mental powers that is intrinsically pleasurable, and thus needs no epistemological or moral justification, although it may in fact have epistemological and moral benefits.

Sulzer was born in Winthertur, Switzerland, in The Gymnasies, where, sheltered by public modesty, the youths exercised themselves naked, were the schools of art…. Email required Address never made public. Mendelssohn’s characterization of the intrinsic perfection of objects in nature and thus of the objects depicted in representational art follows in the path already marked out by Wolff: Because of this it is advisable to follow either of two alternatives.


Medical students were required to study modern languages, philosophy, and mathematics, and Herz became a loyal student of Kant’s, attending his lectures on logic, metaphysics, moral philosophy, natural law, physics, and physical geography.

In his most important work, Aesthetica —58he sets forth the difference between a moral and exclusively aesthetic…. The next year he became a village vicar and was able to devote himself to natural history and archaeology.

He is however distinguished from these by the manner of his imitation and the means through which he achieves it.