A settlement scaled, innovative research work was done in Germany, which treated all types of building based on the ‘Leitfaden – Energienutzungsplan’ (‘ Guide. Ph.D. Dissertation. Universität Stuttgart, Stuttgart. Gerhard Hausladen and Thomas Hamacher. Leitfaden Energienutzungsplan. (Feb. ). Piet Hensel. heit (), Leitfaden Energienutzungsplan. Teil 1: Be- stands- und Potentialanalyse. Munich, pp. [3] Haselmayr, T. [University of Augsburg] ( ), Erneuer-.

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Enter the email address you signed up with and we’ll email you a reset link. Production of the electrical energy in Republic of Kosovo is mostly based on fossil fuel, more precisely on coal lignite burning, which is a local natural resource.

Neighborhoods within urban area of Prishtina source: Identifying the main neighborhoods was vital for this phase of the research because it facilitated the identification of residential zones within the city of Prishtina in general Fig. To identify and clarify the actual situation of the residential sector in city of Prishtina, it was needed to adopt a very clear methodology, which would help the research to sort out the data, based on building typology, heating energy consumption and leitfsden energy resource.

This paper elaborates and identifies the number of residential buildings, number of dwellings, building typologies, heating energy resources, heating systems used by the dwellings and the energy demand for heating leitfadrn, by using quantitative methodology.

The combination of these two data types clarified in details the actual situation of city of Prishtina in terms of residential building spreading, typologies, number of buildings and dwellings. Energy calculations based on statistical data Meanwhile it was possible to collect appropriate quality and quantity of data for residential buildings and dwellings, heating resource used by dwellings, structuring the data and categorizing all the information into tables and graphs.

Kosovo Agency of Statistics [4, pp. Essential for this phase of particular research was the determination of the exact number of residential buildings and dwellings. Considering the fact that the energy production in Kosovo is not sufficient in relation with the everyday demand and at the same time the growth of the energy demand based on different resources is evident, a detailed analysis and identification of the energy performance of this sector is inevitable.


Skip to main content. Heating energy, Energy demand, Residential buildings, Urban energy modeling 1. Chart of residential buildings spreading in urban and rural zones of Prishtina Municipality, based on typology So the building types were grouped in 3 main topology groups based on building rise- low, medium and high; and sub grouping based on year of construction. Click here to sign up. Edmond Hajrizi, Durres, Albania, November,http: In this calculation it was essential to have the total heated area of the residential sector, which is connected and heated by the district heating.

The main subject of the research was to use all available data, based on which it was possible to hypothesize the actual energy consumption for heating the residential buildings, in measurable unit.

Investigation of the energy poverty risk with building mechatronics, International Review of Applied Sciences and Engineering, Vol. Also according to calculations in global scalethe coal and petroleum stocks are running out and they can assure the energy necessity of the world till around 60—80 years [3].

The significance of embodied energy in certified passive houses, International Journal of Civil, Environmental, Structural, Construction and Architectural Engineering, Vol. Tabula-residential building typologies in 12 European countries, good practice example from the Czech Republic, Central European Towards Sustainable BuildingDecision-support tools and assessment methods,pp. Material and methods for urban building typology About Prishtina as a capital of Republic of Kosovo, represent the biggest city in terms of economy, development and specially population growth and migration.

This shows that city of Prishtina is the most representative sample for the research.

Table VI Type of resource used for heating, by dwellings in city of Prishtina source: After analysis of the current state of the investigated districts, future concepts will be made increasing efficiency and sustainability.

These first results can be used as a basis of the first district scaled energy modeling of the city of Pristhina. One of the main components that cause the energy demand in residential sector is the heating energy demand.


Based on this methodology, it was very easy to energienutzungssplan the buildings throughout urban zone of Prishtina Table IV. Except the fact that it is one of the most non-efficient processes leitfxden energy production, coal burning causes pernicious effects on the environment and surrounding. Chart of residential buildings spreading in urban and rural zones of Prishtina Municipality source: Table V Type of resource used for heating, by dwellings in city of Prishtina source: With these data, settlement structuring could be by identifying residential zones, building typologies and residential zones based on different building typologies.

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Map of residential buildings spread throughout urban area of Prishtina, based on building typology source: In parallel with collection of the visual data in form of maps, plans, also statistical data was gathered. After the creation of residential building typology zones, it was possible to identify the spreading of different residential building types within the urban zone of Prishtina and creates a map of residential building spread based on typology Fig.

Division of Urban Integral Areas of Prishtina, source: Urban Development Plan of Prishtina source: Based on the findings of this paper it will be possible to hypothesize the enerbienutzungsplan heating energy consumption by different resources in leitfsden Prishtina based on which, it will be possible to compare the situation with other cases in European cities and plan the future solutions in terms of energy consumption.

Based on this, the research paper treated only the residential sector as the main energienutzungwplan heating energy consumer.

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The city not only expanded, but its urban areas actually exceeded city borders and spread to cadastral parcels of neighboring cities [5]. The heating demand of Firstly, the urban integral zones of the city of Prishtina were identified Fig. The heated area by the district heating was identified energienutzunbsplan the Municipality of Prishtina, according to which there are m2 of heated area only in residential sector [8, pp.