The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship and the State ( Cambridge Studies in Law and Society) [John Torpey] on *FREE* shipping. Daniel Nordman THE INVENTION OF THE PASSPORT Surveillance, Citizenship and the State John Torpey University of California, Irvine □H CAMBRIDGE. The Invention of the Passport: Surveillance, Citizenship and the State. Front Cover · John Torpey, Professor of Sociology John Torpey. Cambridge University .

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The American Political Science Review.

Whether substantial numbers of people think about themselves subjectively in these terms is an open, empirical question; that they would not be likely to do so without the institutional foundation provided by the prior legal codification of the terms seems beyond doubt.

Alongside Christian JonTorpey has written on the legal and cultural integration of Islam into Western liberal democracies, comparing the United States, Germany, France, and Canada. Accordingly, it was necessary for the state to be in control of birth registries that until then had been in the hands of the parish priest.

The mea- sure was provoked when the Assembly learned that “a great number of foreign mendicants” were taking advantage of the poor relief in Paris to the detriment of the indigenous indigent. Even the most unsavory figures apparently found it possible thus to get their hands on the papers they needed, even though they might have been denied them by the authorities in their place of origin.

Toward the relaxation of passport controls in the German lands. Yet private entities have been reduced to the capacity of “sheriff s deputies” who participate in the regulation of movement at the behest of states. Anyone still so assembled after 1 January was to be considered guilty of such conspiracy and subject to the death penalty. Todd’s endorsement of the project as well as his steadfast support for me and my work have been a source of great satisfaction over the last decade and more; I feel honored to have his friendship and encouragement.


Workers without either means of subsistence or a sponsor were to be registered as gens sans aveu; those who failed to indicate a previous domicile as “suspicious persons” gens suspects ; and, finally, those shown to have made false declarations were to be identified as “ill-intentioned persons” gens malintentionnes.

Ever since, politics have been driven by the dynamics deriving from that tension. To this measure Delacroix replied simply that “it would dishonor the Assembly to pro- pose such an article for its deliberation,” and the matter was disposed of. Passport requirements, according to Lemalliaud, “may per- haps afflict the bad citizens, but the true friends of liberty would gladly support this minor inconvenience.

John Torpey – Wikipedia

The requirement that passports be visaed by the departement was abolished as well. The project has been motivated in considerable part by the uneasy feeling that much sociological writing about states is insup- portably abstract, failing to tell us how states actually constitute and maintain themselves as ongoing concerns. Globalising Law through Services and Intellectual Property 0 5 hardback 0 X paperback The vagabond is by definition a suspect.

I believe we would do well to regard states as seeking not simply to penetrate but also to embrace societies, “surrounding” and “taking hold” of their members – individually and collectively – as those states grow larger and more administratively adept.

Intellectuals, Socialism, and Dissent: A Typology of Papers. The reach of the state, in other words, cannot exceed its grasp. Habermas thus speaks of the “colonization of the life-world” by the “steering media” of money and power.

States’ efforts to monopolize the legitimate means of movement have involved a number of mutually reinforcing aspects: The nationalization of immigration restriction in the United States. Indeed, this sort of popular usurpation of the “legitimate means of movement” is typical of situations in which states are being revolutionized or have disintegrated.

John Torpey. The Invention of the Passport; Surveillance, Citizenship and the State

People are also “erfassen” by the census. Two more similarly rancorous days of discussion would follow before the final result was obtained. But how does this actually happen? For the central government in Paris was a paper tiger with scarcely any effective control in the country- side, over which were scattered all manner of brigands, dismissed officials, deserting soldiers, and returning emigres, significant seg- ments of whom were in rebellion.


From the point of view of states’ interests in keeping track of populations and their movements, people are little but “stigmata,” appropriately processed for administrative use.

John Torpey

The process decisively depended on what Gerard Noiriel has called the “revolution identificatoire,” the development of “cards” and “codes” that identified people more or less unambiguously and distinguished among them for administrative purposes. In response to claims that the provisioning of Paris was suffering greatly under the restraints on “the circulation of goods and people,” the Assembly in early September adopted a decree reestablishing “free circulation” and abolishing the clauses of the law of 1 February – 28 March 1 requir- ing a passport, except within ten lieues from the borders or from enemy-occupied territory.

Yet because uohn are both territorial and membership organizations, they must erect and sus- tain boundaries between nationals and non-nationals both at their physical borders and among people within those borders.

This would unnecessarily burden the munici- pal officials. In order to assert greater control over eligibility for poor relief in France’s princi- pal city, the decree required every non-French beggar or person without an aveu who had not been domiciled in Paris for at least one year, as well as mendicant French persons resident in Paris for less than six months, to leave Tirpey and to obtain a passport indicating the route they would fol- low in leaving the Kingdom or returning to their native place.