Irvingia is a genus of African and Southeast Asian trees in the family Irvingiaceae, sometimes known by the common names wild mango, African mango, bush. Some authorities consider this species to be merely a variety of Irvingia gabonensis. Because of the long history of protection and cultivation, others consider. Irvingia wombolu. Irvingiaceae. Vermoesen. LOCAL NAMES. English (bitter bush mango). BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Irvingia wombolu is a tree to m tall.

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This page was last edited on 16 Februaryat Harvesting of Irvingia gabonensis and Irvingia wombulu in Nigerian forests; potentials for the development of sustainable systems. Nigeria is a densely populated country with a population of about million people. Wombollu QR Code is unique to this page. The fruits are mostly gathered from the ground around the tree. Tree-to-tree variation in food-thickening properties and in fat and protein contents of dika nut.

Bitter bush mango, dry season bush mango En. Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. It prefers moist soil. Although they were not planted, their occurrence is high because they were also rarely lumbered. Irvingia wombolu Figure 7. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Irvingia gabonensis – Wikipedia

M pp womboluu The analyses also showed marked differences between populations of Irvingia wombolu from south-eastern Nigeria and Cameroon. Cultivation and conservation status of Irvingia wombolu in humid lowland forest of Cameroon. Click on “show more” to view them.

Leaves alternate, simple and entire; stipules large, unequal, forming a cone protecting the bud, caducous, leaving an annular scar on the branches; petiole up to 10 mm long; blade elliptical to obovate, 6.

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There is irvingiia much differences between the two species except for fruit sweetness and some tree morphological differences. The tree has a high agroforestry potential.


Orvingia from ” https: Kernels are transported to the North of Nigeria by whole traders see Fig 4and these are also traded internationally to various other countries see Fig.

The grain is straight or interlocked, texture fine to medium. It does not have a clearly demarcated flowering season, but flowering peaks at the end of the rainy season or beginning of the dry season, while fruiting peaks at ievingia end of the dry season.

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The high demand situation for bush mango kernels has resulted in excessive exploitation in the bush at such a rate that the sustainability of these natural resources has been the concern of various workers NRC particularly with the continued clearing and selective exploitation of forests, Palmberg In some locations it grows in seasonally flooded forest and on river banks.

Preventing cracks helps to prevent infestation. Trade in ogbono to EEC countries and to the USA continues to grow with results obtained in airports, through where they are transported out.

The crown is dense and round comprised of alternate, simple leaves. The wood of Irvingia wombolu is mainly used locally and rarely exported.

Dika, odika, manguier sauvage, chocolatier, ogbono Fr. Irvingia gabonensis is a species of African trees in the genus Irvingiasometimes known by the common names wild mangoAfrican mangobush mangodika ivringia ogbono. The leaf extract is used as a febrifuge while the kernels are used to treat diabetes. Bitter bush-mango, dry season bush-mango, chocolatier – French, dika – French, manguier sauvage – French, odika – French, ogbono – French.

They bear edible mango -like fruits, and are especially valued for their fat – and protein -rich nuts. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The paste obtained is put in a container or ‘cake tin’ and left to cool irvinggia a few hours. Within the high forests areas, many families depend on this enterprise for survival. Food and Agriculture Organization.


It is planted in parts of this area, e. Irvingia wombolu 1, flowering twig; womvolu, flower; 3, fruit; 4, fruit in cross section.

Clinical trials to date have not confirmed their efficacy, although a meta-analysis concluded that Irvingia gabonensis showed “some potential benefit for weight loss”, [5] stating that “it appears to be safe and well tolerated as the most common adverse effects are headache, flatulenceand difficulty sleeping” and that “due to the limited data, Irvingia wombou cannot be recommended at this time.

They are specifically also found in compound farms and these days it is not uncommon to find Irvingia protected in Cocoa-cola and coffee plantations.

Irvingia wombolu occurs in dryland forest with more than mm annual rainfall. Seeds, also called dika nuts, are eaten raw or roasted. A drupe stone fruit Usually one seeded.

Irvingia wombolu Vermoesen

Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Potentials of some indigenous fruit trees of Nigeria.

Drawability sliminess and viscosity of soups imparted by the kernels varies between kernels from different trees. Irvingiaceae Malpighiales genera Edible fruits. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally. The pulp of the fruit of Irvingia wombolu is bitter and slimy and is occasionally added to soups as thickener.

Ladipo and Boland reported on extensive trade in the kernels within the Southern forest area and between this area krvingia the northern Savanna areas.

Irvingia wombolu Trader of wild mango Irvingia spp.