Page 1. Page 2. Page 3. Bass Clarinet. Alto Sax. Tenor Sax. Baritone Sax. Bassoon. Trumpet. F Horn. Trombone/Baritone. Learn more about Vincent Cichowicz in the Encyclopedia of Trumpet Players.

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Like so many players would clamp down or negatively compress the air not that all compression is bad, I have come to learn. They are perfect because they start in an easy register and slowly move outward, expanding not only in range but also in length.

Sometimes I just tell students to hold the last note until they run out of air. First, I would play them articulating every eight notes, then every four notes, then every two. These simple exercises are known and used by trumpet players all over the world.

Ccichowicz you begin to get into higher ranges, make sure to blow fast and thick air over the top of the slur. The patterns consist of steady running notes. They were originally a creation of Vincent Cichowicz, one of the great trumpet players and teachers of the last century.

Cichowicz Flow Studies

A good illustration of this is the rain bird sprinkler at a golf course. It was how he related to air flow to articulation that helped me the most in my career. I found this a trumept way to make the staccato illusion happen. These are good exercises to do in unison with a teacher, or another player, and work on blending your tones and pitch. This exercise should be practiced single tongued and with a metronome. He taught me that staccato tonguing can be an aural illusion.


Each exercise begins with a half step. Do not stop in the middle, and hold the last note long, at least double what is written.

Your airstream should resemble frumpet long arch. Then, I would slur two notes and tongue two notes, then slur two, tongue six, etc. Use this as an easy reminder to not let valves change how we feed air into the trumpet.

Flow Studies Vol. 1 (Cichowicz) — Balquhidder Music

The water flows constantly as the arm bounces off the water stream. Often a player will blow into the middle of a note, and then before changing to another, back off of the air, make the change, and then blow into the next note. Also, a much more in depth explanation from a friend and past teacher, Mark Dulin: Classical Trumpet Performance, Teaching.

I can listen to someone playing these, and really know a lot about where they are in their trumpet development. They may seem easy to play, however, doing them correctly takes lots of practice, but will really develop your sound and singing ability on the trumpet.


Do not let individual notes get bumps, and trumpeh all else, never allow any inflection on individual notes. Each exercise adds one beat of sixteenths to the pattern.

Cichowicz Technique, reprinted from the International Trumpet Guild Magazine

A string of sixteenth notes played with crisp articulation will sound like short notes, but the airflow remains constant. By keeping the air flowing in this manner one can tongue faster and do it for longer stretches. What I listen for is: I would play trumet patterns from the Williams scales book.

Before playing each measure as written, I would play the rhythmic pattern on one repeated note See example. I am sure it was obvious to Cichowicz that on bad days or even good ones I was inhibiting or restricting my air flow.