A brief note about the life of Catalina de Erauso, the “lieutenant nun.”. Lieutenant Nun: Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World is Catalina de Erauso’s memoir about her experiences during the early s in Spain and. Lieutenant Nun is an autobiography that was written by Catalina de Erauso list of the characters in Lieutenant Nun and in-depth analyses of and Catalina.

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Catalina de Erauso, the Lieutenant Nun | Stuff You Missed in History Class

Catalina spent a month in the church, but eventually the governor stopped guarding it and he escaped into the wilds. Is it “true” at all, in any sense of that word? Jarpa Gana de Laso, Sara. The book was published in France in under the title of The Nun Lieutenant. Recover she did, and, while still in Peru, she was received by the archbishop, who praised her valor and loyalty to the Spanish crown.

Though Catalina found the daughter unattractive, he agreed to marry her in order to avoid confrontation. Or an adventure story? When I came out he attacked me with his belt and injured my hand.

After this look at Catalina de Erauso, have a look at 21 Joan of Arc facts that will absolutely fascinate you. Those in this school of thought therefore conclude that Erauso was merely expressing their sexual identity through transgenderism. In addition to expanding colonial territories, soldiers imposed the political and religious will of the Spanish monarchy on the various Indian nations.

His old master managed to get him released, but he had to move on once more. The details of her life, however, are much harder to pin down.

Catalina de Erauso, the Lieutenant Nun – HeadStuff

Some narratives insist that at this point she killed one of her own brothers in a duel before realizing who he was. However, due to ccatalina many complaints that existed against her for her cruelty against the Indians, she was not promoted to the next military rank. Catalina de Erauso’s Shifting Identities,” originally published in L’Hommeavailable online through Eurozine click eraueo.


At the time, cross-dressing was illegal in Spain and carried serious penalties.

True to his namesake, the gang leader wore a cztalina of armour but Catalina still managed to take him down. After a brief time in Paita, she went to Zana. Imprisoned for feuding with a fellow novice this was to become a habit for hershe stole the convent keys, then emulated the likes eruso Joan of Arc and Hua Mulan by running away, cutting her hair short, and disguising herself as a man.

The truth is this: There, her master happily accommodated her. According to the text, he got into more than one fight and killed more than one man, and in one case was caught and condemned to hang.

The first place in the Americas where she landed was Punta de Araya, now part of Venezuela erasuo, where she had a confrontation with a Dutch pirate fleet which erauxo defeated. Her father asked for information to find her, describing her physical appearance and the way she escaped from the convent.

Even so, Fatalina emerges as one of the most rebellious Spanish women of all time. The story of Catalina was as compelling then as it had been during her life, and though he remains an undeservedly obscure figure there have been several plays and movies based on the nun who became a soldier.

Check date values in: In another story, after threatening the mayor of a small town in a card game, she fled to La Paz, where she challenged a local official and reportedly killed him in a duel. In this case he became a favourite of his dde, though his quick temper soon got him in trouble. This led to her enlisting in the Spanish army and fighting in Chile during the Arauco War.


There is little doubt that her story has been datalina, and that the “nun-ensign” is now the stuff of legend. The young man and two of his friends decided to come out there after Catalina and teach him a lesson, one he was more than willing to return. Home Women Encyclopedias almanacs transcripts and maps Erauso, Catalina de — Colonial Latin American Review. At last Erauso decides to travel to the Americas, where, as a man, he lives a riotous life, the autobiography recounting all kinds of madcap adventures, fights and brawls, and sexual misadventures.

In addition, she is also granted another, more unusual request: And there are questions about the authenticity of the memoir, which wasn’t published until the nineteenth century. What we know of the adventurous life of this runaway novice comes to us filtered through the prejudices of her century. After this trial of fire he decided to leave Spain behind.

Catalina, disguised as a man, by the name of Francisco de Loyola, served in the ed as a page of the secretary of King Juan de Idiaquez for seven months. Nevertheless, finding the encounter too close for comfort, de Erauso fled Valladolid and spent time in Bilbao, Seville, and ultimately back in San Sebastian.

Catalina de Erauso

Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list. Off he went to manage a store in Trujillo on the coast. In the twentieth century, Velasco argues, there was actually a “re-lesbianization” of Erauso.