A brief note about the life of Catalina de Erauso, the “lieutenant nun.”. Lieutenant Nun: Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World is Catalina de Erauso’s memoir about her experiences during the early s in Spain and. Lieutenant Nun is an autobiography that was written by Catalina de Erauso list of the characters in Lieutenant Nun and in-depth analyses of and Catalina.

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The bishop of Puebla, Monsignor Palafox, believed that the woman he buried there was the nun-ensign, and on her tombstone were engraved these words: Spanish woman who erxuso a convent and, disguised as a man, rose to the rank of lieutenant catalin the Spanish colonial army in South Americathen returned to Spain where her exploits were immortalized. Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.

In Panama she started working with Juan de Urquiza, merchant of Trujillo with whom she went to the port of Paita now Peruwhere the trader had a large shipment. And similarly it has been a source of inspiration for many analysis and academic papers trying to explain her complex personality.

They boarded the silver and once ready to return catalija Spain, Catalina shot and killed her uncle and stole pesos.

Meet Catalina De Erauso, The Cross-Dressing Warrior Nun Of 17th-Century Spain

However, the man who was wounded in the face, came to challenge her again accompanied by two friends. She was responsible for the business for nine months, but was fired when discovered fondling a woman, the sister of her masters wife.


Colonial Latin American Review. After having forced her to continue studying and attempted sexual abuse, Catalina took money from the doctor and met a mule driver and went to Valladolid with him.

It was the source of most of the wealth of Spain, which at the time was at war on multiple fronts and needed all the money it could get. He was taken back to the ranch and nursed back to health by the owner, a Native American widow.

Memoir of a Basque Transvestite in the New World. She was probably either a lesbian she made no secret of her attraction to women, and was never romantically involved with any men or possibly a trans man.

Catalina de Erauso — The Female Soldier

Grief-stricken she became an outlaw and con-artist, on one occasion absconding with a dowry paid to her to marry a young woman. He was a wanted man, and posters bearing his face had been distributed throughout the area.

In Piscobamba, by quarreling, she killed another individual. An encounter with his father who erauwo searching for him, but failed to see through his disguise rattled his confidence, while a spell in jail for fighting nearly exposed his secret. I cut off my hair and threw it away.

The voyage was a rough one, and the vessel arrived in the Mexican port city of Veracruz in the middle of a terrible storm. At the time, cross-dressing was illegal in Spain and carried serious penalties. After a few more days she gave me to understand that she would consider it a favor if I would marry the daughter that she had there with her.


Catalina de Erauso

While ostensibly arranging the marriage, Catalina courted the daughter of a local lay official and proposed to her as well. However, many of the accounts are contradictory in nature and some do not know what to make of Erauso’s predicament.

At the time the Spanish were busy building what would become in time the largest empire in the world, stretching across what is now South America.

From the beginning, Catalina rebelled against the restrictions of convent life. Check date values in: At that point, she changed her identity.

Catalina de Erauso

Approaching the town of Vitoria, Erauso introduced herself as Francisco de Loyola, the name she would use vatalina the next several years. It was the land of opportunity, and it was the perfect place for Catalina to make his mark. Retrieved 9 May Perhaps in order to escape from this pursuit, Catalina decided to come clean with the churchman.

The first man who took him in was a doctor who was married to a relative of hers who soon tried to sexually abuse him. The truth is this: Regardless of how Erauso identified, researchers are still divided into different camps on the reason for Erauso’s grand story of adventures.