Çatalhöyük was a very large Neolithic and Chalcolithic proto-city settlement in southern Çatalhöyük (Turkish pronunciation: [tʃaˈtaɫhøjyk]; also Çatal Höyük and Çatal Hüyük; from Turkish çatal “fork” + höyük “tumulus”) was .. Architecture . Catal Huyuk Iron Age, Ancient Architecture, Art And Architecture, Prehistory, Ancient . Catal Huyuk Teaching History, Types Of Art, How To Plan, Tabletop Rpg. Catal Huyuk was one of the world’s first towns. It was built in what is now Turkey about 6, BC not long after farming began. Catal Huyuk probably had a.

Author: Meztigor Shakajin
Country: Australia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Technology
Published (Last): 22 May 2014
Pages: 68
PDF File Size: 15.35 Mb
ePub File Size: 8.74 Mb
ISBN: 877-8-56138-952-5
Downloads: 71973
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Grorisar


Ardhitecture houses were very important to all aspects of their lives: They learned how to perform rituals and how to build or repair houses by watching the adults make statues, beads and other objects. Their purpose was religious, rather than civic or utilitarian. Rush matting is used on the floors. From the circumstances in which these heads were found, we gather that they were displayed above ground while the rest of the body was buried beneath the floor of the house.

The most famous of these, Stonehenge in southern England figs.

They also made carved wooden boxes for storage. As in many early societies, such as Minoan Cretethe bull is a archutecture animal.


Huyuj a report in September on the discovery of around figurines Hodder is quoted as saying:. Instead of a Mother Goddess culture, Hodder points out that the site gives little indication of a matriarchy or patriarchy. They express in visible form the sense of tradition, of family or clan continuity, that sets off the settled life of husbandry from the roving existence of the hunter.

Views Read Edit View history.

History of Art: Architecture and Sculpture

Predominant images include men with erect phalluses, hunting scenes, red images of the now extinct aurochs wild cattle and stagsand vultures swooping down on headless figures. Delivered directly to your email. Thus, it could assert its power over the fortunes of later generations and had to be appeased or controlled. Retrieved from ” https: Hodder, a former student of Mellaart, chose the site as the first “real world” test of his then-controversial theory of post-processual archaeology.

Archaeologists identified very little rubbish in the buildings, finding middens outside the ruins, with sewage and food waste, as well as significant amounts of wood ash. A Global History from Prehistory to the Present. People in Catal Huyuk wore clothes woven from wool.

Museum of Anatolian CivilizationsAnkara. Each central room had an oven below the stairs where people carried out domestic tasks such as cooking. Houses had plaster interiors characterized by squared-off timber ladders or steep stairs. Yertility Goddess, from Shrine A.


We architecyure not know what the people of Catal Huyuk believed but religion was obviously important to them.

The walls were built with sun-dried mud bricks supported by wooden beams. Wall painting, Shrine VII.


View of Town and Volcano. O f the discovered paintings, most display religious concerns. Whether a monument such as this should be termed architecture is a matter of definition. Another pair of leopards forms the sides of the throne of a fertility goddess fig.


The smoothly concave back sets off the ballooning convexity of thighs, belly, arms, and breasts on the front.

Whereas Mellaart excavated nearly two hundred buildings in four seasons, the current excavator, Ian Hodder, spent an entire season excavating one building alone.

There is also evidence that the settlement was the first place in the world to mine and smelt metal in the cztal of lead. About Us Advertising E-mail. The preserved heads apparently were “spirit traps” designed to keep the spirit in its original dwelling place.