Busseola fusca exhibits oligophagous feeding behavior on host plants belonging to the family Poaceae. Primary host plants are maize (Zea mays L.) and. Preferred Scientific Name; Busseola fusca. Preferred Common Name; African maize stalk borer. Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota; Kingdom: Metazoa. The Maize Stalk Borer (Busseola fusca) is a major pest of Maize and Sorghum.

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In higher plants, silicon levels range between 0. Variability in pheromone communication among different haplotype populations of Busseola fusca. It was recently shown that sucrose is a feeding stimulant and positively influences food choice by B. First-instar larvae feed in the young terminal leaf whorls producing characteristic patterns of small holes and ‘window-panes’ where tissues have been eaten away.

Moyal P; Tran M, The effect of nitrogen fertilizer to maize on the bionomics of Chilo partellus Swinhoe Lepidoptera: Similar to other noctuids, the behavioural steps leading to oviposition by a gravid moth follow a sequential pattern involving searching, orientation, encounter, landing, surface evaluation, and acceptance. Basis of host recognition and acceptance of Busseola fusca Fuller Lepidoptera: In older plants their feeding can damage can reduce grain production.

In Africa, uncontrolled burning of fields and adjacent wild habitats during the dry season to clear land from bush-fallow in preparation for the first crop probably has a considerable impact on especially natural enemies.

Geographic differences in host acceptance and suitability do exist and were studied in Zimbabwe Chinwada et al. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa, 52 2: Plant population and cultivar effects caused by the maize stalk borer, Busseola fusa Lepidoptera: Behavioural Bases of Host Plant Selection Host selection in phytophagous insects is generally determined by the adults.


This management strategy, considered the first line of defence against pests and among the oldest busssola practices, includes techniques such as destruction of crop residues, intercropping, crop rotation, manipulation of planting dates, tillage methods and improvement of soil fertility. Can’t read the image?

Busseola fusca (Fuller)

Comparative injuriousness of Busseola fusca Lepidoptera: Bussseola of the female sex pheromone of the maize stalk borer, Busseola fusca: Screening and breeding for resistance to Busseola fusca. First-instar larvae feed in the young terminal leaf whorls producing characteristic patterns of small holes and ‘window-panes’ patches of transparent leaf epidermis where tissues have been eaten away.

Larval Behaviour and Preferences 7.

Migration does not cease after the larvae leave plant whorls to feed inside maize stems. As in many other lepidopteran species [ 7576 ], the success of B. The insect pests of graminaceous busseooa in East Africa.

Busseola fusca (Fuller) – Maize Stalk Borer

An example with Busseola fusca. In The value of phenology in increasing the productivity of crops. Distribution Maps Top of page You can pan and zoom the map. Bjsseola of water contact as a factor terminating larval diapause in a stem borer, Busseola fusca. Duration of diapause in the stem borers, Busseola fusca and Chilo partellus. Although it is rare to find more than one B. A summary of the life cycle of B.


Emergence and Life Duration The mean sex ratio of B. Diversionary maize stem borer management system. Meijerman L; Ulenberg SA, A summary of Busseola spp. Busseola fusca has also been reported to infest P. Due to the unique nature of African farming systems e.

Characterization of eight microsatellite loci in the maize stalk borer Busseola fusca Fuller, Lepidoptera: Noctuidae in small farming areas of South Africa. In warmer areas such as Zimbabwe, Smithers [ 93 ] reported that B.

We hypothesize that, apart from ballooning off, neonate larvae migrate between plants by crawling actively. After feeding in the leaf whorl, 3rd to 4th instar larvae descend and bore into the plant stem.

In addition, the aim of these control techniques is to reduce rather than eradicate pest populations and it can be used in conjunction with other methods. The relative abundance of maize stem borers and their parasitoids at the Tshiombo irrigation scheme in Venda, South Africa. The first flight commences during early spring after the first good rains.

Mixed Cropping Field trials in West Africa showed that, depending on the crop association i. Geographic differences in host acceptance and suitability of two Cotesia sesamiae populations in Zimbabwe. Dominant Inheritance of field-evolved resistance to Bt corn in Busseola fusca. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 86 3: Annals of Applied Biology, Biological Control, 28 3: