BC557 SOT 23 PDF


Product data sheet. Supersedes data of Apr Oct DISCRETE SEMICONDUCTORS. BC; BC PNP general purpose. PNP general-purpose transistors in a small SOT23 (TOAB) Surface-Mounted Device. (SMD) plastic package. Table 1. Product overview. Low noise input stages of audio frequency equipment. DESCRIPTION. PNP transistor in a SOT23 plastic package. NPN complements: BC

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Darlington transistor Sziklai pair Cascode Long-tailed pair. Jan 31, 6.

Favorite BJT transistors, sot and TO equivalents – I | Electronics Forums

The hybrid-pi model is a popular circuit model used for analyzing the small signal behavior of bipolar junction and field effect transistors.

As shown in the diagram, the emitter current, I Eis the total transistor current, which is the sum of the other terminal cb557, i. You must log in or sign up to reply here. This ratio usually has a value close to unity; between 0.

F is from forward current amplification also called the current gain. This barrier arrangement helps reduce minority carrier injection from the base when the emitter-base junction is under forward bias, and thus reduces base current and increases emitter injection efficiency.

In typical operation, the base—emitter junction is forward-biasedwhich means that the p-doped side of the junction is bc5557 a more positive potential than the n-doped side, and the base—collector junction is reverse-biased. The device thus loses all gain when bd557 this state.

In this “on” state, current flows from the collector to the emitter of the transistor.

BC857 – (SMD SOT-23 Package) – PNP General Purpose Transistor – 5 Pieces Pack

Ebers—Moll model for an NPN transistor. In an NPN transistor, when positive bias is applied to the base—emitter junction, the equilibrium is disturbed between the thermally generated carriers and the repelling electric field of the n-doped emitter depletion region. This allows thermally excited electrons to inject from the emitter into the base region. Retrieved August 10, Each semiconductor region is connected to a terminal, appropriately labeled: The incidental low performance BJTs inherent in CMOS ICs, however, are often utilized as bandgap voltage referencesilicon bandgap temperature sensor and to handle electrostatic discharge.


Sedra and Kenneth C. As shown, the term, xin the model represents a different BJT lead depending on the topology used. Although these regions are well defined for sufficiently large applied voltage, they overlap somewhat for small less than a few hundred millivolts biases.

In the active mode of operation, electrons are injected from the forward biased n-type emitter region into the p-type base where they diffuse as minority carriers to the reverse-biased n-type collector and are swept away by the electric field in the reverse-biased collector—base junction. That is, a PNP transistor is “on” when its base is pulled low relative to the emitter.

Jan 31, 9. Bipolar transistors can be combined with MOSFETs in an integrated circuit by st a BiCMOS process of wafer fabrication to create circuits that take advantage of the application strengths of both types of transistor.

A small current entering the base is amplified to produce a large collector and emitter current.

Because the base current is approximately proportional to the collector and emitter currents, they vary in the same way. The germanium transistor was more common in the s and s, and while it exhibits a lower “cut-off” voltage, 233 around 0. Transistor Manual 6th ed.


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For example, try these: The collector—emitter current can be viewed as being controlled by the base—emitter current current controlor by the base—emitter voltage voltage control. NPN is one of the two types of bipolar transistors, consisting of a layer of P- doped semiconductor the “base” between two N-doped layers. Arrow according to schematic. E refers to the transistor operating in a common emitter CE configuration.

The low-performance “lateral” bipolar transistors sometimes used in CMOS processes are sometimes designed symmetrically, that is, with no difference between forward and backward operation.

In terms of junction biasing: The regions of a BJT are called emittercollectorand base. Because of the known temperature and current dependence of the forward-biased base—emitter junction voltage, the BJT can be used to measure temperature by subtracting two voltages at two different bias currents in a known ratio.

Jan 31, 4. Early transistors were made from germanium but most modern BJTs are made from silicon.

Silicon bandgap temperature sensor. That is, when there is a positive potential difference measured from the base of an NPN transistor to its emitter that is, when the base is high relative to the emitteras well as a positive potential difference measured from the collector to the emitter, the transistor becomes active.