Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC), or simply arthrogryposis, describes congenital joint contracture in two or more areas of the body. It derives its name. Abstract. ANTUNEZ, Natalia Hernández et al. Artrogriposis múltiple congénita: análisis de los pacientes asistidos en el Centro de Rehabilitación Infantil Teletón . A case report of arthrogryposis multiplex congenita in monochorionic is a group of rarely occurring musculoskeletal disorders, characterised by multiple joint.

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Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. AMC being displayed in one of the identical twins mentioned in the present report suggests that this condition did not take place because of chromosomal alteration or a hereditary disease. The joint contractures that are present will not get worse than they are at the time of birth.

There are a number of passive devices for enhancing limb movement, intended to be worn to aid movement and encourage muscular development.


The soft tissue envelope in congenital contractual conditions such as clasped or arthrogrypotic thumbs is often deficient in two planes, the thumb-index web and the flexor aspect of the thumb. Retrieved 11 July In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

The major cause in humans is fetal akinesia. Sufficient bone is resected to at least be able to put the wrist in a neutral position.

There are a few syndromes like the Freeman-Sheldon and Gordon syndrome, which have craniofacial involvement. There are a few slightly more common diagnoses such as pulmonary hypoplasiacryptorchidismcongenital heart defectstracheoesophageal fistulasinguinal congenittacleft palateand eye abnormalities.


Australian and New Zealand Journal of Ophthalmology. Many other surgeries are also able to improve function in joints of arthrogryposis patients. Intelligence is normal to above normal in children with amyoplasia, [4] but it is not known how many of these children have an above normal intelligence, and there is no literature available about the cause of this artrogripoais.

Arthrogryposis could also be caused by intrinsic factors. All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from October Articles with permanently dead external links Webarchive template wayback links CS1 maint: Genu valgum Genu varum Genu recurvatum Discoid meniscus Congenital patellar dislocation Congenital knee dislocation.

This is mostly the result of abnormal function of the dystrophin – glycoprotein -associated complex in the sarcolemma of skeletal muscles.

Bleeding pain Osteophyte villonodular synovitis Pigmented villonodular synovitis stiffness. Other causes could be: The flap is taken from the radial side of the index finger.

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Acheiropodia Ectromelia Phocomelia Amelia Hemimelia. A Review and Update”. Arthrogryposis is a rare condition. If the wrist is also ulnarly deviated, more bone can be taken from the radial side to congenitx this abnormality. This tendon transfer is only used if the extensor carpi ulnaris appears to be functional enough.

AMC has been divided into three groups: These surgeries usually exist out of tendon transfers and skin flap movements, adjusted to the individual. Most of those mutations are missensewhich means the mutation results in a different amino acid. Journal of Medical Genetics.


Rev Colomb Obstet Ginecol [online]. Research of arthrogryposis has shown that anything that inhibits normal joint movement before birth can result in joint contractures.

Spanish pdf Article in xml format Article references How to cite this article Automatic translation Send this article by e-mail. Long-term follow-up from birth until skeletal maturity”. This is the fourth report of similar characteristics in the literature reviewed.

Arthrogryposis – Wikipedia

The treatment of arthrogryposis includes occupational therapyphysical therapysplinting and surgery. Inflammation Infectious Septic arthritis Tuberculosis arthritis Reactive arthritis indirectly. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. These surgeries are explained below. This position is held into place with two cross K-wires. Cleidocranial dysostosis Sprengel’s deformity Wallis—Zieff—Goldblatt syndrome.

AMC is considered non-progressive, so with proper medical treatment, things can improve. Heberden’s node Bouchard’s nodes.

People with AMC look their worst at birth. Myasthenia gravis of the mother leads also in rare cases to arthrogryposis. The flap is made as wide as possible, but still small enough to close with the excessive skin on the palmar side of the index finger. Amyoplasia is characterized by severe joint contractures and muscle weakness.