PDF | A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one. Avicenna’s Canon of Medicine-Al-qanun fi al-tibb. The oldest copies of the second volume of ” Canon Of Medicine ” () by Abu Ali Ibn Sina, known in the . A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one.

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In the fourth period, both vigor and intelligence decline.

Then a list is given in order of moisture. If we al-anun aptly comment on the theories regarding the etymology of illnesses or, in other terms, the “philosophy of medicine”, I believe that it will be impossible to thoroughly comprehend ancient medicine. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The Canon of Medicine – Wikipedia

al-tigb Avicenna divides the beginning stage of life in the following table, according to Oskar Cameron Gruner’s edition of the Canon of Medicine: The obverse depicts a scene showing Avicenna surrounded by his disciples, inspired by a miniature in a 17th-century Turkish manuscript; whilst on the reverse is a phrase by Avicenna in Arabic ri Latin: One of these aspects, however, has not been al-anun widely discussed, namely his views on education. He was also the first to point out the fact that haematuria may be due to causes outside the urinary system, for example, blood diseases.

Apart from the methodical classification and precise descriptions of aetiological factors and signs in his chapter on urinary disturbances, Ibn Sina pointed out the role of psychological factors in the treatment of certain cases of nocturnal nuresis. Ostler ap-qanun that it was the later of these, also known as Gerard de Sabloneta, who translated the Qanun and other medical works into Latin in the 13th century. Organs are nowhere near ideal in temperament, but skin comes the closest.

The generation and nourishment of proper soul takes place in the heart; it resides in the heart and arteries, and is transmitted from the heart to the organs through the arteries. Sometimes during their application against coldness, their function for producing warmth is weakened. Avicenna treated spinal deformities using the reduction techniques introduced by Greek physician Hippocrates.


Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. If we try it on a hot disease, such as diurnal fever, it would also have a beneficial effect because it gets rid of yellow bile. He describes what he says are the ” four causes ” of illness, based on Aristotelian philosophy: The Canon of Medicine Arabic: Part of a series on. The following table is provided for the four periods of life: Medicine in the medieval Islamic world.

This action represents both the direct and the accidental benefit of the drug. One should be aware that the intention is something else: For example, blood was considered “hot” as was mentioned earlier, therefore youth is assumed to be hot partially due to blood being more “plentiful” and “thicker”, according to Avicenna.

The Canon defines a humour as “that fluid, moist ‘body’ into which our aliment is transformed”, [8]: Padova; Editoriale Programma, ; p The period of formation of the teeth.

The Canon of Medicine is divided into five books: Views Read Edit View history.

The period up to the limit of growth of the body to the beginning of adult life. The four simple temperaments and four compound intemperaments can each be divided into “Those apart from any material substance” and “Those in which some material substance is concerned”, for a total of sixteen intemperaments.

In disease pathogenesisfor example, Avicenna “added his own view of different types of spirits or vital life essences and souls, whose disturbances might lead to bodily diseases because of a close association between them and such master organs as the brain and heart”.

Al-qnaun it is best to experiment first using the weakest [dosage] and then increase it gradually until you know the potency of the drug, leaving no room for doubt.

If it is said that some parts of medicine are theoretical and other parts are practical, this does not mean that one part teaches medicine and the other puts it into practice — as many researchers in this subject believe.

The earliest known copy of volume 5 of the Canon of Medicine dated is held in the collection of the Aga Khan and is to be housed in the Aga Khan Museum planned for Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Book 5 the Formulary lists compound drugs, [2] [8]: The Evolution Of Modern Medicine. It fell out of favour in university syllabi, although it was still being taught as background literature as late as in Padua.


The Canon of Medicine is based upon the Four Humours of Hippocratic medicine, but refined in various ways. The substances are simple in the sense of not being compounded with other substances.

Ibn Sina’s The Canon of Medicine

Each entry contains the substance’s name, its criteria of goodness which sometimes describes how the substance is found in natureand its nature or primary qualities. That is to say the hair and body care; as well as skin diseases and their treatment. Each member of the body is described to be given each its individual temperament, each with its own degree of heat and moisture.

What is more, it also refers to subjects such as obesity and emaciation that affect the appearance, and preventive methods and measures for all of these are discussed. If that is not the case, the effect is then accidental, because things that occur naturally are always or mostly consistent. In addition, if we consider that Ibn Sina undertook teaching on a practical level for a considerable length of time, we realize that we have here a thinker whose philosophy was transformed into an educational theory that he himself practiced.

Dar al-Shifa Hospital and patients inside. In general, there are four types of proper spirit: Examples of the sixteen intemperaments are provided in the “third and fourth volumes.

Known to us is the perceptible human body with its organs and its cells. There are only four because something cannot be simultaneously hotter and colder or drier and moister.

The Canon of Medicine

Retrieved 19 December In the latter case, if the condition consists of two opposite diseases and the drug is tried and found beneficial in both, we cannot infer the real cause of the cure.

Galen, Ibn Sina, and Hippocrates, the three authorities on medical theory and practice in a woodcut from an early 15th-century Latin medical book.

Avicenna in Renaissance Italy: National Library of Medicine. The serous humour is described as a sweet fluid that is cold and moist in relation to blood and bilious humours.